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Open AccessArticle

An Approach to Estimating Water Quality Changes in Water Distribution Systems Using Fault Tree Analysis

1
Department of Water Supply and Sewerage Systems, Faculty of Civil, Environmental Engineering and Architecture, Rzeszow University of Technology, Al. Powstancow Warszawy 6, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland
2
Department of Water Purification and Protection, Faculty of Civil, Environmental Engineering and Architecture, Rzeszow University of Technology, Al. Powstancow Warszawy 6, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Resources 2019, 8(4), 162; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8040162
Received: 13 August 2019 / Revised: 20 September 2019 / Accepted: 24 September 2019 / Published: 27 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecological Management: Natural Resources and Human Interaction)
Given that a consequence of a lack of stability of the water in a distribution system is increased susceptibility to secondary contamination and, hence, a threat to consumer health, in the work detailed here we assessed the risk of such a system experiencing quality changes relating to the biological and chemical stability of water intended for drinking. Utilizing real operational data from a water treatment station, the presented analysis of the stability was performed based on the fault tree method. If they are to protect their critical-status water supply infrastructure, water supply companies should redouble their efforts to distribute stable water free of potentially corrosive properties. To that end, suggestions are made on the safeguarding of water distribution systems, with a view to ensuring the safety of operation and the long-term durability of pipes. View Full-Text
Keywords: water supply system; corrosion aggressiveness of water; safety of water system functioning; biological and chemical water stability; fault tree analysis water supply system; corrosion aggressiveness of water; safety of water system functioning; biological and chemical water stability; fault tree analysis
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Tchórzewska-Cieślak, B.; Pietrucha-Urbanik, K.; Papciak, D. An Approach to Estimating Water Quality Changes in Water Distribution Systems Using Fault Tree Analysis. Resources 2019, 8, 162.

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