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Biomass Energy: An Overview of Biomass Sources, Energy Potential, and Management in Southeast Asian Countries

1
Department of Power Engineering, VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, 17. Listopadu 15, Ostrava-Poruba 70833, Czech Republic
2
Department of Machines and Energy, Jan Evangelista Purkyně University (UJEP), Pasteurova 3544/1, Ústí nad Labem 400 96, Czech Republic
3
Department of Chemical Engineering, Mandalay Technological University, Patheingyi, Mandalay 05072, Myanmar
4
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mandalay Technological University, Patheingyi, Mandalay 05072, Myanmar
5
Department of Power Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Žilina, Univerzitná 8215/1, 01026 Žilina, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Resources 2019, 8(2), 81; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8020081
Received: 30 March 2019 / Revised: 20 April 2019 / Accepted: 22 April 2019 / Published: 25 April 2019
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PDF [3135 KB, uploaded 13 May 2019]
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Abstract

Potential depletion of fossil fuel and climate change have globally accelerated the demand in renewable and alternative energy. Most of the Southeast Asian countries have an abundance of biomass sources for the energy sector due to their agriculture-based economy and enormous forest resources. Therefore, the study aimed at highlighting an overview of biomass energy in the Southeast Asia countries to convey the environmental and economic benefits from the available biomass sources in the region. In order to achieve the aim, the study synthesized and evaluated the biomass sources, energy potential, utilization, and management in the region, based on the published research papers, review papers, and country reports. It was found that the major biomass sources in this region were fuelwood, wood residues, rice husk, rice straw, sugarcane residues, oil palm residues, and coconut residues. The total annual quantity of the biomass potential from agriculture and forest sector in the region was estimated at more than 500 million tons per year and equal to over 8000 million gigajoules of total energy potential. In order to implement the sustainable utilization of biomass sources, the study specified the barriers and challenges of biomass utilization in these countries and proposed a sustainable approach of biomass energy, by comparing the way of traditional biomass utilization. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass sources; biomass energy; utilization of biomass; renewable energy; Southeast Asia biomass sources; biomass energy; utilization of biomass; renewable energy; Southeast Asia
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Tun, M.M.; Juchelkova, D.; Win, M.M.; Thu, A.M.; Puchor, T. Biomass Energy: An Overview of Biomass Sources, Energy Potential, and Management in Southeast Asian Countries. Resources 2019, 8, 81.

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