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Biomass Energy: An Overview of Biomass Sources, Energy Potential, and Management in Southeast Asian Countries
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Biomass Sources and Energy Potential for Energy Sector in Myanmar: An Outlook

by Maw Maw Tun 1,2,3,* and Dagmar Juchelková 1
1
Department of Power Engineering, VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, 17. Listopadu 15, 70833 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Government Technical Institute, Mawlamyine MMR011001, Mon State, Myanmar
3
Department of Energy Engineering, Czech Technical University, Zikova 1903/4, 166 36 Prague, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Resources 2019, 8(2), 102; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8020102
Received: 3 May 2019 / Revised: 16 May 2019 / Accepted: 24 May 2019 / Published: 28 May 2019
Nowadays, renewable energy utilization plays a key role in developing countries to fulfill the additional energy requirements of a country and reduce dependency on fossil fuels and traditional biomass consumption. As Myanmar has an agriculture-based economy and 48% of forest-cover (32.2 million hectares); biomass is one of the major renewable energy sources, contributing around 50% of total energy consumption. Therefore, the study aimed to highlight the available biomass sources and energy potential for the energy sector in Myanmar. In order to achieve the aim, the study collated the types, quantity and qualities of biomass resources, and energy utilization around Myanmar. Besides, the study synthesized and evaluated the energy potential of the major biomass resources coming from the agriculture sector, forest sector, livestock and poultry sector, and municipal sector. It was estimated that the total energy potential of the major biomass sources amounted to approximately 15.19 million tons of oil equivalent (Mtoe) in 2005 and 17.29 Mtoe in 2017, respectively. The unexploited biomass energy potential around the country was estimated to be nearly 50% higher than that of the projected biomass energy utilization during 2015–2019. Finally, the study concluded with recommendations to provide the future sustainable development of biomass energy in Myanmar. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy status of Myanmar; biomass sources; biomass utilization; biomass energy energy status of Myanmar; biomass sources; biomass utilization; biomass energy
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Tun, M.M.; Juchelková, D. Biomass Sources and Energy Potential for Energy Sector in Myanmar: An Outlook. Resources 2019, 8, 102.

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