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Resources 2019, 8(1), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8010034

A Framework for the Development of Wetland for Agricultural Use in Indonesia

1
Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan 90245, Indonesia
2
Indonesian Center for Agricultural Land Resource Research and Development, Bogor, Jawa Barat 16114, Indonesia
3
School of Life and Environmental Sciences, The University of Sydney, Eveleigh, NSW 2015, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 January 2019 / Revised: 2 February 2019 / Accepted: 3 February 2019 / Published: 6 February 2019
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Abstract

Crop production needs to double to feed the world’s growing population. Indonesia, as the fourth most populated country in the world, needs to meet its food security challenge with a shrinking arable land area. Indonesia has over 34 million ha of swampland. The scarcity of arable land in Indonesia means wetlands are likely to be converted to agricultural use. The challenge is to both profitably and sustainably do so. This paper presents a framework for developing wetlands for food production, which includes (1) the characterization of land and problem of development; (2) analysis of historical development and lessons learned; (3) technology development; and (4) optimization of development. We analyze each of the components and its relation to regional economic growth and lessons learned. For successful future wetland development, three factors must be considered: Land-soil-water characterization, landscape and land use design, and community development. This framework can be adopted by other tropical areas for the development of wetlands. View Full-Text
Keywords: wetland; food security; peatland; swamp wetland; food security; peatland; swamp
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Sulaiman, A.A.; Sulaeman, Y.; Minasny, B. A Framework for the Development of Wetland for Agricultural Use in Indonesia. Resources 2019, 8, 34.

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