Good Practices and Actions for Sustainable Municipal Solid Waste Management in the Tourist Sector
- Non-working farm, where the place of residence is a farm that is dedicated to rural activities and that is presently is not connected anymore with farming elements;
- Working farm with passive contact by tourists, where the working farm provides an exclusive framework for tourism;
- Working farm, with indirect contact by tourists—local products and services are included in the consumption process of the tourists;
- Working farm, with direct contact but indirect participation by the tourists (e.g., farming demonstrations regarding different aspects of rural life);
- Working farm, with direct contact by the tourists by participation in rural activities that are developed within the farm.
- “u-pick” operations or pick your own (PYO): operations for harvesting fresh fruits and vegetables;
- on-farm produce stands: retailing already-harvested fresh fruits, vegetables, and value-added farm products (jams, sauces, etc.);
- on-farm restaurant, dinners, bakeries;
- instructive/educational farm tours and interactive demonstrations;
- on-farm activities for children/kids and adults; animal exhibits;
- on-farm bed and breakfasts, pensions, agro-tourism boarding houses (ABHs), cottages, or campgrounds;
- hands-on farm tasks as milking cows, feeding farm animals, collecting eggs, etc.;
- vineyards and wineries;
- on-farm festivals and events;
- viewing and photography.
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Selection of the Case Studies
2.2. Research Development
- Waste management criteria and emerging needs from selected case studies (this article)
- Classification aspects and the relationship with the environment
- Good practices and actions for sustainable waste management
- Role of legislation in the case studies
- Proposal for a new indicator for waste management in agro-tourism structures, developed to analyze all the good practices and actions that emerged in this first step from the two case studies
- Administration of a questionnaire for the assessment of the proposed indicator in the two case studies (planned article)
3.1. Classification Aspects
3.2. Good Practices and Actions
3.3. Role of Legislation
3.4. A Proposal
Conflicts of Interest
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|Main Consumer Goods||Practices||Actions|
|Food and drink||Setting up a separate collection for packaging waste, including home composting in waste management options||Preferring local products; choosing bulk products; preferring glass to plastic; reducing the volume of waste; avoiding sample packs and disposable products; using re-usable bottles, dishes, and containers; allowing and encouraging the taking away of leftover food; implementing home composting. Implementing separate collection for packaging waste|
|Paper||Setting up a separate collection for paper waste||Implementing a separate collection for paper waste|
|Hygiene products||Avoiding sample packs|
|Detergents||Preferring bulk products with refillable containers|
|Special products (e.g., batteries, toner, medicines, light bulbs, etc.)||Implementing recycling centers for the direct delivery of these products||Storing products in suitable rooms; periodic conferring of these products to the recycling center; preferring rechargeable batteries.|
|Breakfast and restaurant service||Using cloth kitchen cloths; avoiding disposable dishes.|
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Giurea, R.; Precazzini, I.; Ragazzi, M.; Achim, M.I.; Cioca, L.-I.; Conti, F.; Torretta, V.; Rada, E.C. Good Practices and Actions for Sustainable Municipal Solid Waste Management in the Tourist Sector. Resources 2018, 7, 51. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources7030051
Giurea R, Precazzini I, Ragazzi M, Achim MI, Cioca L-I, Conti F, Torretta V, Rada EC. Good Practices and Actions for Sustainable Municipal Solid Waste Management in the Tourist Sector. Resources. 2018; 7(3):51. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources7030051Chicago/Turabian Style
Giurea, Ramona, Ilaria Precazzini, Marco Ragazzi, Moise Ioan Achim, Lucian-Ionel Cioca, Fabio Conti, Vincenzo Torretta, and Elena Cristina Rada. 2018. "Good Practices and Actions for Sustainable Municipal Solid Waste Management in the Tourist Sector" Resources 7, no. 3: 51. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources7030051