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Article

Worry about Climate Change and Urban Flooding Risk Preparedness in Southern Italy: A Survey in the Simeto River Valley (Sicily, Italy)

Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
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Academic Editor: Nicoletta Santangelo
Resources 2021, 10(3), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources10030025
Received: 17 February 2021 / Revised: 8 March 2021 / Accepted: 11 March 2021 / Published: 14 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Analysis of Extreme Hydrometeorological Events)
Intensive urbanization and related increase of impervious surfaces, causes negative impacts on the hydrological cycle, amplifying the risk of urban floods. These impacts can get even worse due to potential climate change impacts. The urban areas of the Simeto River Valley (SRV), the largest river valley in Sicily (Italy), have been repeatedly hit by intense rainfall events in the last decades that lead to urban flooding, causing several damages and, in some instances, threats to population. In this paper, we present the results of a 10-question survey on climate change and risk perception in 11 municipalities of the SRV carried out within the activities of the LIFE project SimetoRES, which allowed to collect 1143 feedbacks from the residents. The survey investigated: (a) the level of worry about climate change in relation to extreme storms, (b) elements of urban flooding risk preparedness: the direct experience of the residents during heavy rain events, their trust in a civil protection regional alert system, and their knowledge of the correct behavior in case of flood, and (c) the willingness of citizens to implement sustainable drainage actions for climate change adaptation in their own municipality and real estates. The results show that more than 52% of citizens has inadequate knowledge of the correct behavior during flooding events and only 30% of them feel responsible for mitigation of flooding risk. There is a modest willingness by the population to support the construction of sustainable urban drainage infrastructures. A statistical cross-analysis of the answers to the different questions, based on contingency matrices and conditional frequencies, has shown that a greater worry about climate change has no significant impact either on the behavior of people in dangerous situations occurring during flooding events or on the willingness to support financially sustainable solutions. These results suggest that to build a higher worry about climate change and related urban flooding risk is not sufficient to have better preparedness, and that more direct educative actions are necessary in the area. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk preparedness; urban flooding; resilience; climate change adaptation; community involvement risk preparedness; urban flooding; resilience; climate change adaptation; community involvement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nanni, P.; Peres, D.J.; Musumeci, R.E.; Cancelliere, A. Worry about Climate Change and Urban Flooding Risk Preparedness in Southern Italy: A Survey in the Simeto River Valley (Sicily, Italy). Resources 2021, 10, 25. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources10030025

AMA Style

Nanni P, Peres DJ, Musumeci RE, Cancelliere A. Worry about Climate Change and Urban Flooding Risk Preparedness in Southern Italy: A Survey in the Simeto River Valley (Sicily, Italy). Resources. 2021; 10(3):25. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources10030025

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nanni, Paola, David J. Peres, Rosaria E. Musumeci, and Antonino Cancelliere. 2021. "Worry about Climate Change and Urban Flooding Risk Preparedness in Southern Italy: A Survey in the Simeto River Valley (Sicily, Italy)" Resources 10, no. 3: 25. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources10030025

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