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Increased Mechanical Properties of Carbon Nanofiber Mats for Possible Medical Applications

1
Faculty of Engineering and Mathematics, Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences, ITES, 33619 Bielefeld, Germany
2
Ecole Nationale d’Ingénieurs de Sfax, Sfax 3038, Tunisia
3
Institute of Physics-Center for Science and Education, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Fibers 2019, 7(11), 98; https://doi.org/10.3390/fib7110098
Received: 30 September 2019 / Revised: 3 November 2019 / Accepted: 13 November 2019 / Published: 17 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers for Food and Health Applications)
Carbon fibers belong to the materials of high interest in medical application due to their good mechanical properties and because they are chemically inert at room temperature. Carbon nanofiber mats, which can be produced by electrospinning diverse precursor polymers, followed by thermal stabilization and carbonization, are under investigation as possible substrates for cell growth, especially for possible 3D cell growth applications in tissue engineering. However, such carbon nanofiber mats may be too brittle to serve as a reliable substrate. Here we report on a simple method of creating highly robust carbon nanofiber mats by using electrospun polyacrylonitrile/ZnO nanofiber mats as substrates. We show that the ZnO-blended polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofiber mats have significantly increased fiber diameters, resulting in enhanced mechanical properties and thus supporting tissue engineering applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrospinning; nanofiber mat; ZnO; polyacrylonitrile (PAN); brittleness electrospinning; nanofiber mat; ZnO; polyacrylonitrile (PAN); brittleness
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Trabelsi, M.; Mamun, A.; Klöcker, M.; Sabantina, L.; Großerhode, C.; Blachowicz, T.; Ehrmann, A. Increased Mechanical Properties of Carbon Nanofiber Mats for Possible Medical Applications. Fibers 2019, 7, 98.

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