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Fibers 2019, 7(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/fib7010006

One-Step Surface Functionalized Hydrophilic Polypropylene Meshes for Hernia Repair Using Bio-Inspired Polydopamine

1
Key Laboratory of Textile Science and Technology of Ministry of Education, College of Textiles, Donghua University, 2999 North Renmin Road, Songjiang, Shanghai 201620, China
2
Department of Textile Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Sindh 76062, Pakistan
3
College of Textiles and Fashion, Xingjiang University, 666 Sheng Li Road, Tian Shan, Wulumuqi 830046, China
4
Mechanical Textile Engineering, Aleppo University, Aleppo 15310, Syria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 November 2018 / Revised: 19 December 2018 / Accepted: 8 January 2019 / Published: 14 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Coatings on Fibers and Textiles)
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Abstract

An ideal hernia mesh is one that absorbs drugs and withstands muscle forces after mesh implantation. Polypropylene (PP) mesh devices have been accepted as a standard material to repair abdominal hernia, but the hydrophobicity of PP fibers makes them unsuitable to carry drugs during the pre-implantation of PP meshes. In this study, for the first time, one-step functionalization of PP mesh surfaces was performed to incorporate bio-inspired polydopamine (PDA) onto PP surfaces. All PP mesh samples were dipped in the same concentration of dopamine solution. The surface functionalization of PP meshes was performed for 24 h at 37 °C and 80 rpm. It was proved by scanning electron microscopic (SEM) images and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) results that a thin layer of PDA was connected with PP surfaces. Moreover, water contact angle results proved that surface functionalized PP meshes were highly hydrophilic (73.1°) in comparison to untreated PP mesh surfaces (138.5°). Thus, hydrophilic PP meshes with bio-inspired poly-dopamine functionalization could be a good choice for hernia mesh implantation. View Full-Text
Keywords: polypropylene; hernia meshes; surface functionalization; polydopamine polypropylene; hernia meshes; surface functionalization; polydopamine
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Sanbhal, N.; Saitaer, X.; Peerzada, M.; Habboush, A.; Wang, F.; Wang, L. One-Step Surface Functionalized Hydrophilic Polypropylene Meshes for Hernia Repair Using Bio-Inspired Polydopamine. Fibers 2019, 7, 6.

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