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Fibers 2018, 6(4), 95; https://doi.org/10.3390/fib6040095

Critical Velocity of High-Performance Yarn Transversely Impacted by Razor Blade

1
School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
2
School of Materials Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 November 2018 / Revised: 2 December 2018 / Accepted: 5 December 2018 / Published: 7 December 2018
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Abstract

A ballistic parameter that influences the ballistic performances of a high-performance yarn is the critical velocity. The critical velocity is defined as the projectile striking velocity that causes instantaneous rupture of the yarn upon impact. In this study, we performed ballistic experiments to determine the critical velocity of a Twaron® yarn transversely impacted by a razor blade. A high-speed camera was integrated into the experimental apparatus to capture the in-situ deformation of the yarn. The experimental critical velocity demonstrated a reduction compared to the critical velocity predicted by the classical theory. The high-speed images revealed the yarn specimen failed from the projectile side toward the free end when impacted by the razor blade. To improve the prediction capability, the Euler–Bernoulli beam and Hertzian contact models were used to predict the critical velocity. For the Euler–Bernoulli beam model, the critical velocity was obtained by assuming the specimen ruptured instantaneously when the maximum flexural strain reached the ultimate tensile strain of the yarn upon impact. On the other hand, for the Hertzian contact model, the yarn was assumed to fail when the indentation depth was equivalent to the diameter of the yarn. The errors between the average critical velocities determined from experiments and the predicted critical velocities were around 19% and 48% for the Euler–Bernoulli beam model and Hertzian contact model, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-performance fiber; critical velocity; Smith theory; Euler–Bernoulli beam; Hertzian contact high-performance fiber; critical velocity; Smith theory; Euler–Bernoulli beam; Hertzian contact
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Lim, B.H.; Chu, J.-M.; Claus, B.; Nie, Y.; Chen, W. Critical Velocity of High-Performance Yarn Transversely Impacted by Razor Blade. Fibers 2018, 6, 95.

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