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Fibers 2018, 6(4), 96; https://doi.org/10.3390/fib6040096

Characterization of a Y-Coupler and Its Impact on the Performance of Plastic Optical Fiber Links

1
GTF, Aragon Institute of Engineering Research (i3A), University of Zaragoza, María de Luna 1, E-50018 Zaragoza, Spain
2
Department of Engineering and Environmental Science, College of Staten Island, The City University of New York, Staten Island, NY 10314, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 October 2018 / Revised: 14 November 2018 / Accepted: 28 November 2018 / Published: 10 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plastic Optical Fibers)
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Abstract

Couplers and splitters are common devices in single-mode and multi-mode glass fibers applications, where they perform a variety of functions. However, when switching to plastic optical fibers (POFs), there is a shortage of commercial devices, which are usually custom-made. The problem with these devices is that modal power distribution in POFs is easily modified by spatial disturbances that produce a localized strong power transfer between modes, thus changing their transmission properties. In this work, a commercial Y-coupler designed for POFs is experimentally characterized. Measurements of its spectral, spatial and temporal characteristics have been performed, including insertion loss as a function of wavelength, angular power distribution, and frequency response. The obtained results show that this device has an equalizing effect over the power spatial distribution that reduces the fiber bandwidth, demonstrating the importance of considering the impact of this type of devices on the transmission properties of any POF system. View Full-Text
Keywords: plastic optical fibers; passive devices; experimental characterization plastic optical fibers; passive devices; experimental characterization
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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López, A.; Losada, M.Á.; Mateo, J.; Antoniades, N.; Jiang, X.; Richards, D. Characterization of a Y-Coupler and Its Impact on the Performance of Plastic Optical Fiber Links. Fibers 2018, 6, 96.

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