Next Article in Journal
High-Pressure Aging of Asymmetric Torlon® Hollow Fibers for Helium Separation from Natural Gas
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Density and Fiber Size on Porosity and Thermal Conductivity of Fiberboard Mats
Article Menu
Issue 4 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Fibers 2018, 6(4), 82; https://doi.org/10.3390/fib6040082

Fabrication and Characteristics of Yb-Doped Silica Fibers Produced by the Sol-Gel Based Granulated Silica Method

1
Institute for Applied Laser, Photonics and Surface Technologies (ALPS), Bern University of Applied Sciences, Pestalozzistrasse 20, 3400 Burgdorf, Switzerland
2
Institute of Applied Physics (IAP), University of Bern, Sidlerstrasse 5, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
3
Electron Spectrometry and Microscopy Laboratory (LSME), Institute of Physics (IPHYS), Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
4
Interdisciplinary Centre for Electron Microscopy (CIME), Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
5
Reseachem GmbH, Pestalozzistrasse 20, 3400 Burgdorf, Switzerland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 September 2018 / Revised: 5 October 2018 / Accepted: 19 October 2018 / Published: 23 October 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [3834 KB, uploaded 23 October 2018]   |  

Abstract

Combining the sol-gel method for fiber material production with the granulated silica method for preform assembly results in a robust method that offers a high degree of freedom regarding both the composition and the geometry of the produced fiber. Using this method, two types of Yb-doped silica glass composition, that feature an excess in P concentration with respect to Al, have been prepared. The elemental distributions in a fiber core were analyzed by scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM). The elemental mapping shows a similar localization of Al, P and Yb through the microstructure. In addition, the influence of the variation in the co-dopant concentration, with respect to Yb, on the fiber properties has been investigated. The results show an increase in the refractive index step and in the fiber’s transmission loss as the excess concentration of P increases. A significant contribution to the losses can be assigned to the existence of impurities such as iron, which was detected in our samples by mass spectrometer. Single exponential fluorescence decays with lifetimes of around 0.88 ms were measured for the two compositions. Finally, pumping at 976 nm a laser slope efficiency of 67% at 1031 nm was achieved for one of the fiber compositions. View Full-Text
Keywords: fiber lasers; Yb-doped materials; rare-earth (RE) clusters; optical properties; sol-gel; sol-gel based granulated silica method fiber lasers; Yb-doped materials; rare-earth (RE) clusters; optical properties; sol-gel; sol-gel based granulated silica method
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

El Sayed, A.; Pilz, S.; Najafi, H.; Alexander, D.T.L.; Hochstrasser, M.; Romano, V. Fabrication and Characteristics of Yb-Doped Silica Fibers Produced by the Sol-Gel Based Granulated Silica Method. Fibers 2018, 6, 82.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Fibers EISSN 2079-6439 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top