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Fibers 2018, 6(3), 62; https://doi.org/10.3390/fib6030062

Moisture Absorption and Opacity of Starch-Based Biocomposites Reinforced with Cellulose Fiber from Bengkoang

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Andalas University, Padang 25163, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia
2
Department of Agricultural Technology, Andalas University, Padang 25163, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia
3
Department of Chemistry, Andalas University, Padang 25163, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 July 2018 / Revised: 18 August 2018 / Accepted: 24 August 2018 / Published: 29 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Fibre Biocomposites)
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Abstract

Cellulose fiber was isolated from bengkoang (Pachyrhizus erosus) tuber peel. A suspension consisting of distilled water, starch, and glycerol was mixed with various cellulose loadings (0, 2, 6, and 10 g) then gelatinized using a hot plate with a magnetic stirrer. The biocomposite gel was sonicated using an ultrasonication probe (47.78 W/cm2 for 4 min). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs for the fracture surface of resulting biocomposite films displayed a rougher surface than starch film, indicating fiber dispersion in the matrix. The opacity and moisture resistance of biocomposite films increased with the addition of cellulose. The opacity was at a maximum value (243.05 AUnm) with 10 g fiber, which was 11.27% higher than the starch film without cellulose. Moisture absorption of this biocomposite was 16.79% lower than the starch film. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) confirmed this more hydrophobic nature with lower transmittance at –OH stretching in the composite than the starch film. The addition of cellulose fiber into the matrix also increased the crystallinity index. View Full-Text
Keywords: biocomposite; starch; cellulose; ultrasonication; moisture absorption; opacity biocomposite; starch; cellulose; ultrasonication; moisture absorption; opacity
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Hafizulhaq, F.; Abral, H.; Kasim, A.; Arief, S.; Affi, J. Moisture Absorption and Opacity of Starch-Based Biocomposites Reinforced with Cellulose Fiber from Bengkoang. Fibers 2018, 6, 62.

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