Next Article in Journal
Moisture Absorption and Opacity of Starch-Based Biocomposites Reinforced with Cellulose Fiber from Bengkoang
Previous Article in Journal
Experimental Study on Dynamic and Thermal Behaviour of Chopped Glass, Sisal, and Flax Fiber-Reinforced Gears
Article Menu
Issue 3 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Fibers 2018, 6(3), 61; https://doi.org/10.3390/fib6030061

The Degradation of Cellulose by Radio Frequency Plasma

Department of Fiber Science & Apparel Design, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 July 2018 / Revised: 20 August 2018 / Accepted: 23 August 2018 / Published: 24 August 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [2885 KB, uploaded 24 August 2018]   |  

Abstract

This paper describes the results of using oxygen (O2) plasma to treat both greige and scoured cotton yarns to cause significant degradation of cellulose. This study is an effort to reduce hazardous caustic chemicals commonly used to make the cellulose molecule more accessible for uses in such applications as biofuels. Through high power density, 0.46 W/cm2, and the study of varying exposure times, we find longer durations of 30 min to 90 min result in significant cellulose structure degradation. Due to waxes and contaminants found on greige yarns, scoured yarn degradation occurs at shorter exposure times than greige yarns, however, both experience tearing and pitting with longer exposures. This study provides evidence that significant degradation of cellulosic yarns can be achieved through high power density O2 plasma exposure. View Full-Text
Keywords: plasma; oxygen; degradation; cellulose plasma; oxygen; degradation; cellulose
Figures

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Shepherd, L.M.; Frey, M.W. The Degradation of Cellulose by Radio Frequency Plasma. Fibers 2018, 6, 61.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Fibers EISSN 2079-6439 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top