The influence of surface treatments on the microstructure, in vitro bioactivity and corrosion protection performance of newly fabricated Ti-20Nb-13Zr (TNZ) alloys was evaluated in simulated body fluid (SBF). The TNZ alloy specimens were treated with separate aqueous solutions of NaOH and H2
and with a mixture of both, followed by thermal treatment. The nanoporous network surface structure observed in H2
-treated and alkali-treated specimens was entirely different from the rod-like morphology observed in alkali hydrogen peroxide-treated specimens. XRD results revealed the formation of TiO2
and sodium titanate layers on the TNZ specimens during surface treatments. The water contact angle results implied that the surface-treated specimens exhibited improved surface hydrophilicity, which probably improved the bioactivity of the TNZ specimens. The in vitro corrosion protection performance of the surface-treated TNZ specimens was analyzed using electrochemical corrosion testing in SBF, and the obtained results indicated that the surface-treated specimens exhibited improved corrosion resistance performance compared to that of the bare TNZ specimen. The in vitro bioactivity of the treated TNZ specimens was assessed by soaking in SBF, and all the investigated treated specimens showed numerous apatite nucleation spheres within 3 days of immersion in SBF.
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