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Coatings 2019, 9(3), 170; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings9030170

Synergistic Effect of Mica, Glass Frit, and Melamine Cyanurate for Improving Fire Resistance of Styrene-Butadiene Rubber Composites Destined for Ceramizable Coatings

1
Institute of Polymer & Dye Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Lodz University of Technology, Stefanowskiego 12/16, 90-924 Łódź, Poland
2
Department of Mechanics of Solids, Surfaces & Systems (MS3), Faculty of Engineering Technology, Chair of Elastomer Technology & Engineering, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
3
Management of Environment Protection and Modeling, The Jan Kochanowski University, Żeromskiego 5, Kielce 25-369, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 December 2018 / Revised: 23 February 2019 / Accepted: 27 February 2019 / Published: 5 March 2019
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Abstract

Synergistic effects of different fillers are widely utilized in polymer technology. The combination of various types of fillers is used to improve various properties of polymer composites. In this paper, a synergistic effect of flame retardants was tested to improve the performance of ceramizable composites. The composites were based of styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) used as polymer matrix. Three different types of flame retardants were tested for synergistic effect: Mica (phlogopite) high aspect-ratio platelets, along with low softening point temperature glass frit (featuring ceramization effect), and melamine cyanurate, a commonly used flame retardant promoting carbonaceous char. In order to characterize the properties of the composites, combustibility, thermal stability, viscoelastic properties, micromorphology, and mechanical properties were tested before and after ceramization. The results obtained show that the synergistic effect of ceramization promoting fillers and melamine cyanurate was especially visible with respect to the flame retardant properties resulting in a significant improvement of fire resistance of the composites. View Full-Text
Keywords: composite; ceramization; ceramification; styrene-butadiene rubber; melamine cyanurate; mica; flame retardancy; coating; glass frit composite; ceramization; ceramification; styrene-butadiene rubber; melamine cyanurate; mica; flame retardancy; coating; glass frit
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Imiela, M.; Anyszka, R.; Bieliński, D.M.; Lipińska, M.; Rybiński, P.; Syrek, B. Synergistic Effect of Mica, Glass Frit, and Melamine Cyanurate for Improving Fire Resistance of Styrene-Butadiene Rubber Composites Destined for Ceramizable Coatings. Coatings 2019, 9, 170.

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