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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Laser Power on the Interface Microstructure of a Laser Remelting Nano-SiC Modified Fe-Based Ni/WC Composite Coating

School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou 341000, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2018, 8(9), 297; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings8090297
Received: 4 July 2018 / Revised: 15 August 2018 / Accepted: 19 August 2018 / Published: 22 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanocomposite Coatings)
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Abstract

The plasma sprayed Fe-based Ni/WC composite coating on the surface of 45 steel was post-treated by laser remelting with the addition of nano-SiC. The effect of laser power on the interface microstructure of a laser remelting nano-SiC modified Fe-based Ni/WC composite coatings were researched. The metallographic structure, microscopic morphology, phase composition, and microhardness of the remelted layer were visually analyzed by metallographic microscope, scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), and microhardness tester, respectively. The results showed that the nano-SiC modified remelted coating was smooth and compact, and with no fine cracks. The remelted layer was mainly composed of [Fe,Ni], Cr, Fe0.04Ni0.36 phase. The metal elements Fe, Ni, Cr, and Si, and non-metallic element C, appeared to diffuse, and there was metallurgical bonding between the coating and the matrix. With the increase of laser power, the smaller the average grain size, the wider the half-peak height (FWHM), and the more obvious the grain refinement. When the laser power was 500 W, the interface metallurgical showed the best effect. Furthermore, the nano-sized SiC particles served as the core of the heterogeneous nucleation to refine the grains on the one hand, and promoted the formation of a hard intermediate phase in the coating on the other hand. Therefore, the laser remelting and the addition of nano-SiC particles greatly improved the microhardness of the coating. The larger the laser power, the smaller the microstructure characteristics and the fewer the number of holes. With increasing laser power, the hardness increased in general terms and the maximum hardness increased by 51%. View Full-Text
Keywords: plasmas praying; laser remelting; laser power; refinedgrain; nano-SiC plasmas praying; laser remelting; laser power; refinedgrain; nano-SiC
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Zhao, Y.; He, W.; Du, H.; Luo, P. The Effect of Laser Power on the Interface Microstructure of a Laser Remelting Nano-SiC Modified Fe-Based Ni/WC Composite Coating. Coatings 2018, 8, 297.

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