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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Photocatalytic Properties of Portland Cement Blended with Titanium Oxynitride (TiO2−xNy) Nanoparticles

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Grupo del Cemento y Materiales de Construción CEMATCO, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Facultad de Minas, 05001000 Medellín, Colombia
2
Grupo Investigación en catálisis y nano materiales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Facultad de Minas, 05001000 Medellín, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Anibal Maury-Ramirez
Coatings 2015, 5(3), 465-476; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings5030465
Received: 1 April 2015 / Revised: 22 July 2015 / Accepted: 24 July 2015 / Published: 31 July 2015
Photocatalytic activity of Portland cement pastes blended with nanoparticles of titanium oxynitride (TiO2−xNy) was studied. Samples with different percentages of TiO2−xNy (0.0%, 0.5%, 1%, 3%) and TiO2 (1%, 3%) were evaluated in order to study their self-cleaning properties. The presence of nitrogen in the tetragonal structure of TiO2 was evidenced by X-ray diffraction (XRD) as a shift of the peaks in the 2θ axis. The samples were prepared with a water/cement ratio of 0.5 and a concentration of Rhodamine B of 0.5 g/L. After 65 h of curing time, the samples were irradiated with UV lamps to evaluate the reduction of the pigment. The color analysis was carried out using a Spectrometer UV/Vis measuring the coordinates CIE (Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage) L*, a*, b*, and with special attention to the reddish tones (Rhodamine B color) which correspond to a* values greater than zero. Additionally, samples with 0.5%, 1%, 3% of TiO2−xNy and 1%, 3% of TiO2 were evaluated under visible light with the purpose of determining the Rhodamine B abatement to wavelengths greater than 400 nm. The results have shown a similar behavior for both additions under UV light irradiation, with 3% being the addition with the highest photocatalytic efficiency obtained. However, TiO2−xNy showed activity under irradiation with visible light, unlike TiO2, which can only be activated under UV light. View Full-Text
Keywords: photocatalysis heterogeneous; Portland cement; self-cleaning; nanoparticles of titanium oxynitride (TiO2−xNy); degradation of rhodamine B; UV light photocatalysis heterogeneous; Portland cement; self-cleaning; nanoparticles of titanium oxynitride (TiO2−xNy); degradation of rhodamine B; UV light
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Cohen, J.D.; Sierra-Gallego, G.; Tobón, J.I. Evaluation of Photocatalytic Properties of Portland Cement Blended with Titanium Oxynitride (TiO2−xNy) Nanoparticles. Coatings 2015, 5, 465-476.

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