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Article

Calcium Phosphate Based Bioactive Ceramic Layers on Implant Materials Preparation, Properties, and Biological Performance

Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science, Centre for Energy Research, Konkoly-Thege Str. 29–33, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary
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Coatings 2020, 10(9), 823; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10090823
Received: 11 August 2020 / Revised: 20 August 2020 / Accepted: 22 August 2020 / Published: 25 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrochemical and Electrophoretic Deposition of Bioactive Coatings)
Calcium phosphate based bioactive ceramics (CPCs) can be successfully applied as implant coatings since they are chemically similar to the inorganic constituent of hard tissues (bones, teeth). Nowadays, in orthopedic surgeries, it is still common to use metallic implants. However, the biological response of the human body to these foreign materials can be adverse, causing the failure of implant materials. This disadvantage can be avoided by bioactive coatings on the surface of implants. CPCs can be prepared by different routes that provide coatings of different quality and properties. In our paper, we compared the morphological, chemical, and biological properties of CPC coatings prepared by the pulse current electrochemical method. The size and thickness of the pulse current deposited platelets largely depended on the applied parameters such as the length of ton and the current density. The decrease in the ton/toff ratio resulted in thinner, more oriented platelets, while the increase in current density caused a significant decrease in grain size. The higher pH value and the heat treatment favored the phase transformation of CPCs from monetite to hydroxyapatite. The contact angle measurements showed increased hydrophilicity of the CPC sample as well as better biocompatibility compared to the uncoated implant material. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioceramics; calcium phosphates; bioactive coatings; pulse current deposition; corrosion bioceramics; calcium phosphates; bioactive coatings; pulse current deposition; corrosion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Furko, M.; Balázsi, C. Calcium Phosphate Based Bioactive Ceramic Layers on Implant Materials Preparation, Properties, and Biological Performance. Coatings 2020, 10, 823. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10090823

AMA Style

Furko M, Balázsi C. Calcium Phosphate Based Bioactive Ceramic Layers on Implant Materials Preparation, Properties, and Biological Performance. Coatings. 2020; 10(9):823. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10090823

Chicago/Turabian Style

Furko, Monika, and Csaba Balázsi. 2020. "Calcium Phosphate Based Bioactive Ceramic Layers on Implant Materials Preparation, Properties, and Biological Performance" Coatings 10, no. 9: 823. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10090823

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