Next Article in Journal
Occurrence of Serratia marcescens Carrying blaIMP-26 and mcr-9 in Southern China: New Insights in the Evolution of Megaplasmid IMP-26
Previous Article in Journal
Veterinary Practitioners’ Standpoints and Comprehension towards Antimicrobial Use—Are There Opportunities for Antimicrobial Stewardship Improvement?
Previous Article in Special Issue
Antifungal, Antioxidant and Antibiofilm Activities of Essential Oils of Cymbopogon spp.
 
 
Article

In Vitro Evaluation of Antimicrobial Effect of Phytobiotics Mixture on Salmonella spp. Isolated from Chicken Broiler

1
Department of Chemistry, the Faculty of Food Science, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, C.K. Norwida 25, 50-375 Wrocław, Poland
2
AdiFeed Sp. z o.o., Opaczewska, 02-201 Warszawa, Poland
3
Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Vet-Lab Brudzew, Turkowska 58c, 62-720 Brudzew, Poland
4
Krzyżanowski Partners Spółka z o.o., Zakładowa 7, 26-670 Pionki, Poland
5
Laboratory of Industrial and Experimental Biology, Institute for Health and Economics, Carpathian State College in Krosno, Rynek 1, 38-400 Krosno, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marc Maresca, Anahì Bucchini and Laura Giamperi
Antibiotics 2022, 11(7), 868; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics11070868
Received: 7 June 2022 / Revised: 19 June 2022 / Accepted: 23 June 2022 / Published: 28 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antimicrobial Activities of Plant Extracts)
Background: The identification of natural antibacterial agents from various sources that can act effectively against disease-causing foodborne bacteria is one of the major concerns throughout the world. In the present study, a unique phytobiotics mixture containing thymol, menthol, linalool, trans-anethole, methyl salicylate, 1,8-cineole, and p-cymene was evaluated for antibacterial activity against selected strains of Salmonella spp. Results: The phytobiotics mixture was effective against Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovars Enteritidis, Typhimurium, and Kentucky. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) values of this unique mixture for these three pathogens were 1:256. Among these three strains, one S. Kentucky presented the most extensive resistance profiles to 18 antibiotics belonging to 5 classes of antibiotics. One of S. Typhimurium presents extensive resistance profiles to 14 antibiotics belonging to 5 classes of antibiotics. Conclusions: The results suggest that the phytobiotics mixture used in the experiment can be used as a strong natural antibacterial agent against Gram-negative foodborne pathogens such as S. Typhimurium, S. Kentucky, and S. Enteritidis. This is a preliminary analysis of the effectiveness of a phytobiotic product in an in vitro model, which may be the starting point for further studies, including in vivo animal models. View Full-Text
Keywords: Salmonella Typhimurium; Salmonella Enteritidis; phytobiotics; antimicrobial resistance; MIC; chicken broiler; resistance genes; thymol; 1,8-cineole Salmonella Typhimurium; Salmonella Enteritidis; phytobiotics; antimicrobial resistance; MIC; chicken broiler; resistance genes; thymol; 1,8-cineole
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Iwiński, H.; Wódz, K.; Chodkowska, K.; Nowak, T.; Różański, H. In Vitro Evaluation of Antimicrobial Effect of Phytobiotics Mixture on Salmonella spp. Isolated from Chicken Broiler. Antibiotics 2022, 11, 868. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics11070868

AMA Style

Iwiński H, Wódz K, Chodkowska K, Nowak T, Różański H. In Vitro Evaluation of Antimicrobial Effect of Phytobiotics Mixture on Salmonella spp. Isolated from Chicken Broiler. Antibiotics. 2022; 11(7):868. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics11070868

Chicago/Turabian Style

Iwiński, Hubert, Karolina Wódz, Karolina Chodkowska, Tomasz Nowak, and Henryk Różański. 2022. "In Vitro Evaluation of Antimicrobial Effect of Phytobiotics Mixture on Salmonella spp. Isolated from Chicken Broiler" Antibiotics 11, no. 7: 868. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics11070868

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop