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Open AccessArticle

Synthesis, Characterization, and Antimicrobial Activity of Magnesium-Doped Hydroxyapatite Suspensions

National Institute of Materials Physics, 405A Atomistilor Street, P.O. Box MG7, 077125 Magurele, Romania
University Politehnica of Bucharest, BN 002, 313 Splaiul Independentei, Sector 6, 10023 Bucharest, Romania
HORIBA Jobin Yvon S.A.S., 6–18, Rue du Canal, 91165 Longjumeau CEDEX, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(9), 1295;
Received: 4 August 2019 / Revised: 3 September 2019 / Accepted: 6 September 2019 / Published: 11 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomedical Applications of Nanotechnology)
Obtaining nanoscale materials has allowed for the miniaturization of components, which has led to the possibility of achieving more efficient devices with faster functions and much lower costs. While hydroxyapatite [HAp, Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2] is considered the most widely used material for medical applications in orthopedics, dentistry, and general surgery, the magnesium (Mg) is viewed as a promising biodegradable and biocompatible implant material. Furthermore, Mg is regarded as a strong candidate for developing medical implants due to its biocompatibility and antimicrobial properties against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. For this study, magnesium-doped hydroxyapatite (Ca10−xMgx (PO4)6 (OH)2, xMg = 0.1), 10MgHAp, suspensions were successfully obtained by an adapted and simple chemical co-precipitation method. The information regarding the stability of the nanosized 10MgHAp particles suspension obtained by ζ-potential analysis were confirmed for the first time by a non-destructive ultrasound-based technique. Structural and morphological studies of synthesized 10MgHAp were conducted by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy in attenuated total reflectance (ATR) mode and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The XRD analysis of the 10MgHAp samples confirmed that a single crystalline phase associated to HAp with an average grain size about 93.3 nm was obtained. The FTIR-ATR spectra revealed that the 10MgHAp sample presented broader IR bands with less visible peaks when compared to a well-crystallized pure HAp. The SEM results evidenced uniform MgHAp nanoparticles with spherical shape. The antimicrobial activity of the 10MgHAp suspension against gram-positive strains (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212), gram-negative strains (Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853), as well as a fungal strain (Candida albicans ATCC 90029) were evaluated. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnesium; hydroxyapatite; suspensions; ultrasound measurements; antimicrobial activity magnesium; hydroxyapatite; suspensions; ultrasound measurements; antimicrobial activity
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Predoi, D.; Iconaru, S.L.; Predoi, M.V.; Stan, G.E.; Buton, N. Synthesis, Characterization, and Antimicrobial Activity of Magnesium-Doped Hydroxyapatite Suspensions. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1295.

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