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Open AccessArticle

Tailoring the Performance of Graphene Aerogels for Oil/Organic Solvent Separation by 1-Step Solvothermal Approach

1
Instituto de Tecnología de Materiales, Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV), Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
2
Center for Surface Science and Nanotechnology, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 316 Splaiul Independentei, 060042 Bucharest, Romania
3
Instituto Tecnológico del Plástico (AIMPLAS), 46980 Paterna, Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(8), 1077; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9081077
Received: 13 July 2019 / Revised: 24 July 2019 / Accepted: 25 July 2019 / Published: 26 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology in Wastewater Treatment)
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Abstract

Ultra-light eco-friendly graphene oxide (GO)-based aerogels are reported by simple one-step solvothermal self-assembly. The effect of varying parameters such as C/O ratio of GO; reducing agent amount; temperature; and duration on the properties of the aerogels was studied. The structural and vibrational features and hydrophobic surface properties of the obtained aerogels were obtained by XRD; FTIR; XPS; Raman; SEM; and contact angle measurements. The effect of synthesis conditions on the engine oil and organic solvent absorption properties was assessed. The results indicated that the lower the C/O ratio of GO, the better the absorption properties, with the best performance for oil uptake reaching 86 g g−1. The obtained results indicate the approach based on ice-templating and the tailoring of oxygen content in GO make the resulting aerogels potential candidates for use in oil spill and organic solvent treatments. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphene oxide; ascorbic acid; aerogel; ice-templating: oil absorption; organic solvent absorption graphene oxide; ascorbic acid; aerogel; ice-templating: oil absorption; organic solvent absorption
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Pruna, A.; Cárcel, A.C.; Barjola, A.; Benedito, A.; Giménez, E. Tailoring the Performance of Graphene Aerogels for Oil/Organic Solvent Separation by 1-Step Solvothermal Approach. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1077.

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