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Nanomaterials 2019, 9(3), 367; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9030367

Physical Properties and In Vitro Biocompatible Evaluation of Silicone-Modified Polyurethane Nanofibers and Films

1
Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Technology, Shinshu University, 3-15-1, Tokida, Ueda-shi, Nagano 386-8567, Japan
2
Silicone-Electronics Materials Research Center, Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., 1-10, Hitomi, Matsuida-Machi, Annaka-Shi, Gunma 379-0224, Japan
3
Dainichiseika Color & Chemicals Mfg. Co., 1-4-3, Ukima, Kita-ku, Tokyo 115-8622, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 January 2019 / Revised: 20 February 2019 / Accepted: 22 February 2019 / Published: 5 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrospun Nanofibers for Biomedical Applications)
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Abstract

In this study, the physical properties and the biocompatibility of electrospun silicone-modified polyurethane (PUSX) nanofibers were discussed and compared with PUSX films. To investigate the effects of different structures on the physical properties, tensile strength, elongation at break, Young’s modulus, water retention, water contact angle (WCA) and thermal conductivity measurements were performed. To prove the in vitro biocompatibility of the materials, cell adhesion, cell proliferation, and cytotoxicity were studied by NIH3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblasts cells following by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) analysis. As a conclusion, the mechanical properties, water retention, and WCA were proven to be able to be controlled and improved by adjusting the structure of PUSX. A higher hydrophobicity and lower thermal conductivity were found in PUSX nanofibers compared with polyurethane (PU) nanofibers and films. An in vitro biocompatibility evaluation shows that the cell proliferation can be performed on both PUSX nanofibers and films. However, within a short period, cells prefer to attach and entangle on PUSX nanofibers rather than PUSX films. PUSX nanofibers were proven to be a nontoxic alternative for PU nano-membranes or films in the biomedical field, because of the controllable physical properties and the biocompatibility. View Full-Text
Keywords: silicone modified polyurethane nanofibers; physical properties; cell attachment; cell proliferation; cytotoxicity silicone modified polyurethane nanofibers; physical properties; cell attachment; cell proliferation; cytotoxicity
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Yin, C.; Rozet, S.; Okamoto, R.; Kondo, M.; Tamada, Y.; Tanaka, T.; Hattori, H.; Tanaka, M.; Sato, H.; Iino, S. Physical Properties and In Vitro Biocompatible Evaluation of Silicone-Modified Polyurethane Nanofibers and Films. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 367.

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