Effect of Salinity on Silica Nanoparticle Adsorption Kinetics and Mechanisms for Fluid/Rock Interaction with Calcite
AbstractThis study addresses the kinetics of silica nanoparticle adsorption on calcite from a solution at three salinities: deionized water (DIW), synthetic seawater (SSW), and low salinity water (LSW). The nanoparticle adsorption mechanisms and the effects on calcite dissolution are addressed. It was shown that nanoparticle adsorption was best described with the second-order-kinetic model and that silica nanoparticle adsorption reduced calcite dissolution. This was confirmed by measuring the Ca2+ ion concentration, the pH, and by estimating the amount of calcite dissolved. This is an important conclusion of this work, especially as LSW as an enhanced oil recovery technique is a candidate for use in chalk fields. Less formation damage/dissolution of chalk when silica nanoparticles are combined with LSW can lower the risk of reservoir subsidence. Intraparticle diffusion and the pseudo-second-order models, indicated a reduction in the adsorption rate with increasing nanoparticle concentration in LSW. This is explained by possible repulsive forces among the nanoparticles as they diffuse from the bulk fluid onto the calcite surface. Ion charges reduce the repulsion among the nanoparticles through shielding. However, an increasing nanoparticle concentration reduces the shielding efficiency by the ions. Estimates of the surface forces confirmed that nanoparticle–mineral interaction is less attractive in LSW as compared to SSW and DIW. View Full-Text
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Hamouda, A.A.; Abhishek, R. Effect of Salinity on Silica Nanoparticle Adsorption Kinetics and Mechanisms for Fluid/Rock Interaction with Calcite. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 213.
Hamouda AA, Abhishek R. Effect of Salinity on Silica Nanoparticle Adsorption Kinetics and Mechanisms for Fluid/Rock Interaction with Calcite. Nanomaterials. 2019; 9(2):213.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hamouda, Aly A.; Abhishek, Rockey. 2019. "Effect of Salinity on Silica Nanoparticle Adsorption Kinetics and Mechanisms for Fluid/Rock Interaction with Calcite." Nanomaterials 9, no. 2: 213.
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