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Open AccessArticle

Nanoparticles Assembled CdIn2O4 Spheres with High Sensing Properties towards n-Butanol

1
College of Instrumentation & Electrical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Geophysical Exploration Equipment, Ministry of Education of China, Jilin University, Changchun 130026, China
2
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(12), 1714; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9121714
Received: 23 October 2019 / Revised: 25 November 2019 / Accepted: 28 November 2019 / Published: 1 December 2019
Cd/In-glycerate spheres are synthesized through a simple solvothermal method. After thermal treatment, these Cd/In-glycerates can be converted into CdIn2O4 spheres. Many characterization methods were performed to reveal the microstructure and morphology of the CdIn2O4. It was found that pure CdIn2O4 phase was obtained for the Cd/In starting materials at ratios of 1:1.6. The CdIn2O4 spheres are composed by a large number of nanoparticles subunits. The CdIn2O4 sphere-based sensor exhibited a low detection limit (1 ppm), high response (81.20 to 500 ppm n-butanol), fast response (4 s) and recovery (10 s) time, good selectivity, excellent repeatability, and stability at 280 °C. Our findings highlight the possibility to develop a novel gas sensor based on CdIn2O4 for application in n-butanol detection with high performance.
Keywords: gas sensor; n-butnaol; CdIn2O4; spheres; solvothermal method gas sensor; n-butnaol; CdIn2O4; spheres; solvothermal method
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, W.; Zhang, X.; Wang, Z.; Wang, R.; Chen, C.; Dong, C. Nanoparticles Assembled CdIn2O4 Spheres with High Sensing Properties towards n-Butanol. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1714.

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