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Open AccessArticle

Synthesis of Small Ce3+-Er3+-Yb3+ Tri-Doped BaLuF5 Active-Core-Active-Shell-Active-Shell Nanoparticles with Strong Down Conversion Luminescence at 1.5 μm

1
College of Information &Technology, Jilin Normal University, Siping 136000, China
2
State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics, College of Electronic Science & Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2018, 8(8), 615; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8080615
Received: 9 July 2018 / Revised: 3 August 2018 / Accepted: 3 August 2018 / Published: 14 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanosized Luminescent Materials: Advances and Applications)
Small fluoride nanoparticles (NPs) with strong down-conversion (DC) luminescence at 1.5 μm are quite desirable for optical fiber communication systems. Nevertheless, a problem exists regarding how to synthesize small fluoride NPs with strong DC emission at 1.5 μm. Herein, we propose an approach to improve 1.5 μm emission of BaLuF5:Yb3+,Er3+ NPs by way of combining doping Ce3+ ions and coating multiple BaLuF5: Yb3+ active-shells. We prepared the BaLuF5:18%Yb3+,2%Er3+,2%Ce3+ NPs through a high-boiling solvent method. The effect of Ce3+ concentration on the DC luminescence was systematically investigated in the BaLuF5:Yb3+,Er3+ NPs. Under a 980 nm laser excitation, the intensities of 1.53 μm emission of BaLuF5:18%Yb3+,2%Er3+,2%Ce3+ NPs was enhanced by 2.6 times comparing to that of BaLuF5:18%Yb3+,2%Er3+ NPs since the energy transfer between Er3+ and Ce3+ ions: Er3+:4I11/2 (Er3+) + 2F5/2 (Ce3+) → 4I13/2 (Er3+) + 2F7/2 (Ce3+). Then, we synthesized BaLuF5:18%Yb3+,2%Er3+,2%Ce3+@BaLuF5:5%Yb3+@BaLuF5:5%Yb3+ core-active-shell-active-shell NPs via a layer-by-layer strategy. After coating two BaLuF5:Yb3+ active-shell around BaLuF5:Yb3+,Er3+,Ce3+ NPs, the intensities of the 1.53 μm emission was enhanced by 44 times compared to that of BaLuF5:Yb3+,Er3+ core NPs, since the active-shells could be used to not only suppress surface quenching but also to transfer the pump light to the core region efficiently through Yb3+ ions inside the active-shells. View Full-Text
Keywords: BaLuF5; nanoparticles; active-shell; core-shell; down conversion luminescence; 1.5 μm BaLuF5; nanoparticles; active-shell; core-shell; down conversion luminescence; 1.5 μm
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Zhang, Y.; Shi, Y.; Qin, Z.; Song, M.; Qin, W. Synthesis of Small Ce3+-Er3+-Yb3+ Tri-Doped BaLuF5 Active-Core-Active-Shell-Active-Shell Nanoparticles with Strong Down Conversion Luminescence at 1.5 μm. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 615.

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