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Open AccessArticle

Zinc-Modified Nanotransporter of Doxorubicin for Targeted Prostate Cancer Delivery

1
Department of Human Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, 61200 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Central Laboratory, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, 61200 Brno, Czech Republic
3
Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Biomedical and Environmental Analyses, Wroclaw Medical University, 50-556 Wrocław, Poland
4
Prevention Medicals s.r.o, Tovární 342, Butovice, 742-13 Studentka, Czech Republic
5
School of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Robert Gordon University, Garthdee Road, Aberdeen AB10 7QB, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2017, 7(12), 435; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano7120435
Received: 26 October 2017 / Revised: 23 November 2017 / Accepted: 30 November 2017 / Published: 8 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology)
This work investigated the preparation of chitosan nanoparticles used as carriers for doxorubicin for targeted cancer delivery. Prepared nanocarriers were stabilized and functionalized via zinc ions incorporated into the chitosan nanoparticle backbone. We took the advantage of high expression of sarcosine in the prostate cancer cells. The prostate cancer targeting was mediated by the AntiSar antibodies decorated surface of the nanocage. Formation of the chitosan nanoparticles was determined using a ninhydrin assay and differential pulse voltammetry. Obtained results showed the strong effect of tripolyphosphine on the nanoparticle formation. The zinc ions affected strong chitosan backbone coiling both in inner and outer chitosan nanoparticle structure. Zinc electrochemical signal depended on the level of the complex formation and the potential shift from −960 to −950 mV. Formed complex is suitable for doxorubicin delivery. It was observed the 20% entrapment efficiency of doxorubicin and strong dependence of drug release after 120 min in the blood environment. The functionality of the designed nanotransporter was proven. The purposed determination showed linear dependence in the concentration range of Anti-sarcosine IgG labeled gold nanoparticles from 0 to 1000 µg/mL and the regression equation was found to be y = 3.8x − 66.7 and R2 = 0.99. Performed ELISA confirmed the ability of Anti-sarcosine IgG labeled chitosan nanoparticles with loaded doxorubicin to bind to the sarcosine molecule. Observed hemolytic activity of the nanotransporter was 40%. Inhibition activity of our proposed nanotransporter was evaluated to be 0% on the experimental model of S. cerevisiae. Anti-sarcosine IgG labeled chitosan nanoparticles, with loaded doxorubicin stabilized by Zn ions, are a perspective type of nanocarrier for targeted drug therapy managed by specific interaction with sarcosine and metallothionein for prostate cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: doxorubicin; chitosan; zinc; sarcosine; ninhydrin; prostate cancer; peroxidase activity; gold nanoparticle; magnetic gold nanoparticle doxorubicin; chitosan; zinc; sarcosine; ninhydrin; prostate cancer; peroxidase activity; gold nanoparticle; magnetic gold nanoparticle
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Skalickova, S.; Loffelmann, M.; Gargulak, M.; Kepinska, M.; Docekalova, M.; Uhlirova, D.; Stankova, M.; Fernandez, C.; Milnerowicz, H.; Ruttkay-Nedecky, B.; Kizek, R. Zinc-Modified Nanotransporter of Doxorubicin for Targeted Prostate Cancer Delivery. Nanomaterials 2017, 7, 435.

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