Next Article in Journal
Nanoparticles for Cerenkov and Radioluminescent Light Enhancement for Imaging and Radiotherapy
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Flavonoid-Coated Gold Nanoparticles on Bacterial Colonization in Mice Organs
Review

Nanomaterials in Dentistry: State of the Art and Future Challenges

1
Departamento de Operatoria Dental y Endodoncia, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41009 Sevilla, Spain
2
Departamento de Materiales Dentales, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41009 Sevilla, Spain
3
Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Universidad de Málaga, E-29071 Málaga, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(9), 1770; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10091770
Received: 2 August 2020 / Revised: 21 August 2020 / Accepted: 2 September 2020 / Published: 7 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Biology and Medicines)
Nanomaterials are commonly considered as those materials in which the shape and molecular composition at a nanometer scale can be controlled. Subsequently, they present extraordinary properties that are being useful for the development of new and improved applications in many fields, including medicine. In dentistry, several research efforts are being conducted, especially during the last decade, for the improvement of the properties of materials used in dentistry. The objective of the present article is to offer the audience a complete and comprehensive review of the main applications that have been developed in dentistry, by the use of these materials, during the last two decades. It was shown how these materials are improving the treatments in mainly all the important areas of dentistry, such as endodontics, periodontics, implants, tissue engineering and restorative dentistry. The scope of the present review is, subsequently, to revise the main applications regarding nano-shaped materials in dentistry, including nanorods, nanofibers, nanotubes, nanospheres/nanoparticles, and zeolites and other orders porous materials. The results of the bibliographic analysis show that the most explored nanomaterials in dentistry are graphene and carbon nanotubes, and their derivatives. A detailed analysis and a comparative study of their applications show that, although they are quite similar, graphene-based materials seem to be more promising for most of the applications of interest in dentistry. The bibliographic study also demonstrated the potential of zeolite-based materials, although the low number of studies on their applications shows that they have not been totally explored, as well as other porous nanomaterials that have found important applications in medicine, such as metal organic frameworks, have not been explored. Subsequently, it is expected that the research effort will concentrate on graphene and zeolite-based materials in the coming years. Thus, the present review paper presents a detailed bibliographic study, with more than 200 references, in order to briefly describe the main achievements that have been described in dentistry using nanomaterials, compare and analyze them in a critical way, with the aim of predicting the future challenges. View Full-Text
Keywords: dental materials; nanomaterials; zeolite; graphene; nanoparticles; nanofibers dental materials; nanomaterials; zeolite; graphene; nanoparticles; nanofibers
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Bonilla-Represa, V.; Abalos-Labruzzi, C.; Herrera-Martinez, M.; Guerrero-Pérez, M.O. Nanomaterials in Dentistry: State of the Art and Future Challenges. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 1770. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10091770

AMA Style

Bonilla-Represa V, Abalos-Labruzzi C, Herrera-Martinez M, Guerrero-Pérez MO. Nanomaterials in Dentistry: State of the Art and Future Challenges. Nanomaterials. 2020; 10(9):1770. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10091770

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bonilla-Represa, Victoria, Camilo Abalos-Labruzzi, Manuela Herrera-Martinez, and M. O. Guerrero-Pérez 2020. "Nanomaterials in Dentistry: State of the Art and Future Challenges" Nanomaterials 10, no. 9: 1770. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10091770

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop