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Open AccessArticle

Capacitance Enhancement of Hydrothermally Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanofibers

Instituto de Carboquímica, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Miguel Luesma Castán 4, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
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Nanomaterials 2020, 10(6), 1056; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10061056
Received: 27 April 2020 / Revised: 7 May 2020 / Accepted: 9 May 2020 / Published: 30 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Properties and Applications of Graphene and Its Derivatives)
Nanocarbon materials present sp2-carbon domains skilled for electrochemical energy conversion or storage applications. In this work, we investigate graphene oxide nanofibers (GONFs) as a recent interesting carbon material class. This material combines the filamentous morphology of the starting carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and the interlayer spacing of graphene oxide, and exhibits a domain arrangement accessible for fast transport of electrons and ions. Reduced GONFs (RGONFs) present the partial removal of basal functional groups, resulting in higher mesoporosity, turbostratic stacking, and surface chemistry less restrictive for transport phenomena. Besides, the filament morphology minimizes the severe layer restacking shown in the reduction of conventional graphene oxide sheets. The influence of the reduction temperature (140–220 °C) on the electrochemical behaviour in aqueous 0.5 M H2SO4 of RGONFs is reported. RGONFs present an improved capacitance up to 16 times higher than GONFs, ascribed to the unique structure of RGONFs containing accessible turbostratic domains and restored electronic conductivity. Hydrothermal reduction at 140 °C results in the highest capacitance as evidenced by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements (up to 137 F·g−1). Higher temperatures lead to the removal of sulphur groups and slightly thicker graphite domains, and consequently a decrease of the capacitance. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon nanofibers; reduced graphene oxide nanofibers; hydrothermal reduction; capacitance carbon nanofibers; reduced graphene oxide nanofibers; hydrothermal reduction; capacitance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Torres, D.; Pérez-Rodríguez, S.; Sebastián, D.; Pinilla, J.L.; Lázaro, M.J.; Suelves, I. Capacitance Enhancement of Hydrothermally Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanofibers. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 1056. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10061056

AMA Style

Torres D, Pérez-Rodríguez S, Sebastián D, Pinilla JL, Lázaro MJ, Suelves I. Capacitance Enhancement of Hydrothermally Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanofibers. Nanomaterials. 2020; 10(6):1056. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10061056

Chicago/Turabian Style

Torres, Daniel; Pérez-Rodríguez, Sara; Sebastián, David; Pinilla, José L.; Lázaro, María J.; Suelves, Isabel. 2020. "Capacitance Enhancement of Hydrothermally Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanofibers" Nanomaterials 10, no. 6: 1056. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10061056

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