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Nano MnO2 Radially Grown on Lignin-Based Carbon Fiber by One-Step Solution Reaction for Supercapacitors with High Performance

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College of Light Industry and Food Engineering, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
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Guangxi Key Laboratory of Clean Pulp Papermaking and Pollution Control, Nanning 530004, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(3), 594; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10030594
Received: 22 February 2020 / Revised: 11 March 2020 / Accepted: 13 March 2020 / Published: 24 March 2020
MnO2-deposited lignin-based carbon fiber (MnO2-LCF) mats are fabricated for supercapacitor applications. LCF mats are produced from alkali lignin via electrospinning followed by stabilization and carbonization. The carbonization process is carried out at 800, 900, and 1000 °C, and the corresponding mats are denoted as MnO2-LCF-800, MnO2-LCF-900, and MnO2-LCF-1000, respectively. The LCF mats are immersed in a KMnO4 solution at room temperature for 72 h to obtain MnO2-LCF mats. The scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis confirm the deposition of MnO2 on the LCFs. The Brunauer–Emmett–Teller analysis, X-ray spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy reveal that MnO2-LCF-800 mat possesses a large number of mesopores and Mn vacancies as compared to MnO2-LCF-900 mat and MnO2-LCF-1000 mat. Consequently, MnO2-LCF-800 mat possesses the best electrochemical properties with a specific capacitance of 131.28 F∙g−1, an energy density of 14.77 Wh∙kg−1, and a power density of 135.01 W∙kg−1 at a specific current of 0.3 A∙g−1. Hence, MnO2-LCF-800 mat shows high potential to be used as a high-performance supercapacitor. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrospinning; lignin; carbon fiber; mno2; supercapacitor electrospinning; lignin; carbon fiber; mno2; supercapacitor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guo, C.; Ma, H.; Zhang, Q.; Li, M.; Jiang, H.; Chen, C.; Wang, S.; Min, D. Nano MnO2 Radially Grown on Lignin-Based Carbon Fiber by One-Step Solution Reaction for Supercapacitors with High Performance. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 594.

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