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Open AccessArticle

Ecofriendly Synthesis and Insecticidal Application of Copper Nanoparticles against the Storage Pest Tribolium castaneum

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Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44511, Egypt
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Department of Poultry, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44511, Egypt
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Department of Animal Husbandry and Animal Wealth Development, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Alexandria University, Edfina 22758, Egypt
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Pretreatment and Finishing of Cellulosic-based Fibers Department, Textile Industries Research Division, National Research Centre, 33 El-Buhouth Street, Dokki, Cairo 12622, Egypt
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Department of Zoology, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Beni-suef University, Beni-suef 65211, Egypt
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Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44511, Egypt
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(3), 587; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10030587
Received: 10 March 2020 / Revised: 16 March 2020 / Accepted: 18 March 2020 / Published: 23 March 2020
In spite of great developments in the agricultural field and plant productivity in the last decades, the concern about the control of agricultural pests is still continuous. However, pest management is expected to have more effects from nanomaterials by providing innovative solutions. The current study confirms the biotransformation of copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) using a cell-free culture extract of metal copper-resistant bacteria Pseudomonas fluorescens MAL2, which was isolated from heavy metal-contaminated soils collected from Sharqia Governorate, Egypt. The local screened bacterial isolate, Pseudomonas fluorescens MAL2, is similar to Pseudomonas fluorescens DSM 12442T DSM. After optimization of growth conditions, F-Base medium was found to be the best medium and pH 7, temperature 35 °C, concentration of CuSO4·5H2O 300 ppm, 10 mL supernatant: 40 mL CuSO4·5H2O (300 ppm), and reaction time 90 min were recorded as the best growth conditions to the fabrication of CuNPs. The formed CuNPs were characterized using initially visual observation of the change in the color of the reaction mixture from blue color to the dark green as an indication of CuNPs biotransformation. Then, UV–Vis spectroscopy showed a maximum absorption at 610 nm under the optimum conditions performed. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) revealed the formation of spherical aspect with size ranges from 10:70 nm; moreover, Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) indicated the presence of CuNPs and other elements. In addition, the presence of alcohols, phenols, alkenes, and amines is confirmed by Fourier-Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) spectroscopy analysis. Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) supported that the Zeta-average size of nanoparticle was 48.07 with 0.227 PdI value. The Zeta potential showed −26.00mV with a single peak. The biosynthesized CuNPs (Bio CuNPs) showed toxicity against the stored grain pest (Tribolium castaneum), where LC50 value was 37 ppm after 5 days of treatment. However, the negligible effect was observed with chemical synthesis of CuNPs (Ch CuNPs) at the same concentration. The results suggest that Bio CuNPs could be used not only as a biocontrol agent, but also as an ecofriendly and inexpensive approach for controlling the stored grain pests. View Full-Text
Keywords: copper nanoparticles; Pseudomonas fluorescens; insecticidal; Tribolium castaneum copper nanoparticles; Pseudomonas fluorescens; insecticidal; Tribolium castaneum
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El-Saadony, M.T.; Abd El-Hack, M.E.; Taha, A.E.; Fouda, M.M.G.; Ajarem, J.S.; N. Maodaa, S.; Allam, A.A.; Elshaer, N. Ecofriendly Synthesis and Insecticidal Application of Copper Nanoparticles against the Storage Pest Tribolium castaneum. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 587.

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