4D Printing: The Shape-Morphing in Additive Manufacturing
Abstract3D printing of polymers can now be considered as a common processing technology for the development of biomaterials. These can be constituted out of polymeric abiotic material alone or can be co-printed with living cells. However, the adaptive and shape-morphing characteristics cannot be developed with the rigid, pre-determined structures obtained by 3D printing. In order to produce functional engineered biomaterials, the dynamic properties/characteristics of the living cells must be attained. 4D printing can be envisaged as a route to achieve these goals. This paper intends to give a brief review of the pioneer 4D printing research that has been developed and to present an insight into future research in this field. View Full-Text
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Piedade, A.P. 4D Printing: The Shape-Morphing in Additive Manufacturing. J. Funct. Biomater. 2019, 10, 9.
Piedade AP. 4D Printing: The Shape-Morphing in Additive Manufacturing. Journal of Functional Biomaterials. 2019; 10(1):9.Chicago/Turabian Style
Piedade, Ana P. 2019. "4D Printing: The Shape-Morphing in Additive Manufacturing." J. Funct. Biomater. 10, no. 1: 9.
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