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On the Use of Mobile Devices as Controllers for First-Person Navigation in Public Installations

Department of Product & Systems Design Engineering, University of the Aegean, 84100 Syros, Greece
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This paper is an extended version of our presentation in the 5th International Conference AVR 2018, Otranto, Italy, 24–27 June 2018.
Information 2019, 10(7), 238; https://doi.org/10.3390/info10070238
Received: 10 June 2019 / Revised: 8 July 2019 / Accepted: 8 July 2019 / Published: 11 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable Augmented and Mixed Reality Applications)
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Abstract

User navigation in public installations displaying 3D content is mostly supported by mid-air interactions using motion sensors, such as Microsoft Kinect. On the other hand, smartphones have been used as external controllers of large-screen installations or game environments, and they may also be effective in supporting 3D navigations. This paper aims to examine whether a smartphone-based control is a reliable alternative to mid-air interaction for four degrees of freedom (4-DOF) fist-person navigation, and to discover suitable interaction techniques for a smartphone controller. For this purpose, we setup two studies: A comparative study between smartphone-based and Kinect-based navigation, and a gesture elicitation study to collect user preferences and intentions regarding 3D navigation methods using a smartphone. The results of the first study were encouraging, as users with smartphone input performed at least as good as with Kinect and most of them preferred it as a means of control, whilst the second study produced a number of noteworthy results regarding proposed user gestures and their stance towards using a mobile phone for 3D navigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D navigation; large screens; smartphone; Kinect; mid-air interactions; user study 3D navigation; large screens; smartphone; Kinect; mid-air interactions; user study
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Vosinakis, S.; Gardeli, A. On the Use of Mobile Devices as Controllers for First-Person Navigation in Public Installations. Information 2019, 10, 238.

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