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Article

Religiosity and Contentment among Teachers in the Philippines during COVID-19 Pandemic: Mediating Effects of Resilience, Optimism, and Well-Being

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Graduate Institute of Educational Leadership and Development, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City 24205, Taiwan
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Research and Development Center for Physical Education, Health, and Information Technology, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City 24205, Taiwan
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Theology and Religious Education Department, De La Salle University, Manila 1004, Philippines
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Bachelor’s Program in Educational Leadership and Technology Development, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City 24205, Taiwan
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Administration Office, Lumina Foundation for Integral Human Development, Calamba City 4027, Philippines
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sally Elton-Chalcraft
Religions 2021, 12(10), 879; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12100879
Received: 29 July 2021 / Revised: 24 September 2021 / Accepted: 11 October 2021 / Published: 14 October 2021
The COVID-19 pandemic has had an unprecedented effect on many areas of people’s lives all over the world, including in the area of education. Many educational institutions must un-preparedly transition from physical classes to distance learning modalities, affecting both the students and teachers. Given that the teachers are confronted with so many challenges, leading to their increased stress and mental health issues, this research project investigated the role of religiosity in the contentment of a sample of 296 teachers in the Philippines, mediated by the effects of resilience, optimism, and well-being. Bivariate correlation analysis showed that religiosity, resilience, optimism, and well-being were positively and significantly correlated with each other, while contentment was positively and significantly correlated with optimism and well-being. Regression analysis indicated no direct significant association between religiosity and contentment. Mediation analyses suggested that optimism partially mediated the impact of religiosity on well-being, whereas well-being fully mediated the impact of religiosity on contentment and the impact of optimism on contentment. Lastly, the measurement model indicated a significant path from religiosity to contentment through optimism and well-being. These significant results suggest that, while facing adversities in life, the teachers in the Philippines might use religiosity and its relevant dimensions as positive coping mechanisms to face the academic challenges triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic, and thus derive contentment that is mediated by the positive effects of optimism and well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: religiosity; contentment; resilience; optimism; well-being; education; teachers; SEM; COVID-19 religiosity; contentment; resilience; optimism; well-being; education; teachers; SEM; COVID-19
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MDPI and ACS Style

Edara, I.R.; del Castillo, F.; Ching, G.S.; del Castillo, C.D. Religiosity and Contentment among Teachers in the Philippines during COVID-19 Pandemic: Mediating Effects of Resilience, Optimism, and Well-Being. Religions 2021, 12, 879. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12100879

AMA Style

Edara IR, del Castillo F, Ching GS, del Castillo CD. Religiosity and Contentment among Teachers in the Philippines during COVID-19 Pandemic: Mediating Effects of Resilience, Optimism, and Well-Being. Religions. 2021; 12(10):879. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12100879

Chicago/Turabian Style

Edara, Inna R., Fides del Castillo, Gregory S. Ching, and Clarence D. del Castillo. 2021. "Religiosity and Contentment among Teachers in the Philippines during COVID-19 Pandemic: Mediating Effects of Resilience, Optimism, and Well-Being" Religions 12, no. 10: 879. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12100879

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