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Archaeology and Religion in Late Bronze Age Canaan

W.F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research in Jerusalem, Salah e-Din St 26, 91190 Jerusalem, Israel
Religions 2019, 10(4), 258; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10040258
Received: 28 February 2019 / Revised: 31 March 2019 / Accepted: 2 April 2019 / Published: 9 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Archaeology and Ancient Israelite Religion)
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Abstract

Dozens of temples were excavated in the Canaanite city-states of the Late Bronze Age. These temples were the focal points for the Canaanites’ cultic activities, mainly sacrifices and ceremonial feasting. Numerous poetic and ritual texts from the contemporary city of Ugarit reveal the rich pantheon of Canaanite gods and goddesses which were worshiped by the Canaanites. Archaeological remains of these rites include burnt animal bones and many other cultic items, such as figurines and votive vessels, which were discovered within the temples and sanctuaries. These demonstrate the diverse and receptive character of the Canaanite religion and ritual practices. It seems that the increased Egyptian presence in Canaan towards the end of the period had an influence on the local belief system and rituals in some areas, a fact which is demonstrated by the syncretic architectural plans of several of the temples, as well as by glyptic and votive items. Late Bronze Age religious and cultic practices have attracted much attention from Biblical scholars and researchers of the religion of Ancient Israel who are searching for the similarities and influences between the Late Bronze Age and the following Iron Age. View Full-Text
Keywords: Late Bronze Age; Canaan; religion; cult; temples; Egypt Late Bronze Age; Canaan; religion; cult; temples; Egypt
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Greener, A. Archaeology and Religion in Late Bronze Age Canaan. Religions 2019, 10, 258.

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