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Standardising Marine Renewable Energy Testing: Gap Analysis and Recommendations for Development of Standards

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Institute for Energy Systems, School of Engineering, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3FB, UK
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MaREI Centre, Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork, P43 C573 Co. Cork, Ireland
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TECNALIA, Basque Research and Technology Alliance (BRTA), Parque Tecnológico de Bizkaia, Astondoa Bidea, Edificio 700, E-48160 Derio, Spain
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ESRU, Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, University of Strathclyde, James Weir Building, Montrose Street, Glasgow G1 1XJ, UK
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College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Treliever Road, Cornwall TR10 9FE, UK
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European Marine Energy Centre, The Charles Clouston Building, ORIC, Back Road, Orkney KW16 3AW, UK
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Institute for Energy Systems, School of Engineering, FloWave Ocean Energy Research Facility, The University of Edinburgh, Max Born Crescent, Edinburgh EH9 3BF, UK
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Eugen Rusu and Rafael J. Bergillos
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9(9), 971; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9090971
Received: 7 July 2021 / Revised: 22 August 2021 / Accepted: 29 August 2021 / Published: 6 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Renewables–Infrastructures and Physical Testing)
Marine renewable energy (MRE) is still an emerging technology. As such, there is still a lack of mature standards and guidance for the development and testing of these devices. The sector covers a wide range of disciplines, so there is a need for more comprehensive guidance to cover these. This paper builds on a study undertaken in the MaRINET2 project to summarise recommendations and guidance for testing MRE devices and components, by reviewing the recently published guidance. Perceived gaps in the guidance are then discussed, expanding on the previous study. Results from an industry survey are also used to help quantify and validate these gaps. The main themes identified can be summarised as: the development progression from concept to commercialisation, including more complex environmental conditions in testing, accurately modelling and quantifying the power generated, including grid integration, plus modelling and testing of novel moorings and foundation solutions. A pathway to a standardised approach to MRE testing is presented, building on recommendations learnt from the MaRINET2 round-robin testing, showing how these recommendations are being incorporated into the guidance and ultimately feeding into the development of international standards for the marine renewable energy sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: gap analysis; guidance; standards; marine renewable energy; tank testing; round-robin gap analysis; guidance; standards; marine renewable energy; tank testing; round-robin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Noble, D.R.; O’Shea, M.; Judge, F.; Robles, E.; Martinez, R.; Khalid, F.; Thies, P.R.; Johanning, L.; Corlay, Y.; Gabl, R.; Davey, T.A.D.; Vejayan, N.; Murphy, J. Standardising Marine Renewable Energy Testing: Gap Analysis and Recommendations for Development of Standards. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9, 971. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9090971

AMA Style

Noble DR, O’Shea M, Judge F, Robles E, Martinez R, Khalid F, Thies PR, Johanning L, Corlay Y, Gabl R, Davey TAD, Vejayan N, Murphy J. Standardising Marine Renewable Energy Testing: Gap Analysis and Recommendations for Development of Standards. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2021; 9(9):971. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9090971

Chicago/Turabian Style

Noble, Donald R., Michael O’Shea, Frances Judge, Eider Robles, Rodrigo Martinez, Faryal Khalid, Philipp R. Thies, Lars Johanning, Yann Corlay, Roman Gabl, Thomas A.D. Davey, Nithiananthan Vejayan, and Jimmy Murphy. 2021. "Standardising Marine Renewable Energy Testing: Gap Analysis and Recommendations for Development of Standards" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 9, no. 9: 971. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9090971

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