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Article

Evaluating LoRaWAN Connectivity in a Marine Scenario

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Institute for the Study of Anthropogenic Impacts and Sustainability in the Marine Environment, National Research Council of Italy, Via De Marini 16, 16149 Genova, Italy
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Institute of Biophysics, National Research Council of Italy, Via De Marini 16, 16149 Genova, Italy
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Department of Electrical, Electronic, Telecommunications Engineering and Naval Architecture (DITEN), University of Genoa, Via All’Opera Pia 11A, 16145 Genova, Italy
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Software and Instrumentation for TEst and Measurement, Via F. Avio, 4/3 Bis Scala B, 16154 Genova, Italy
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Techcom srl, Via Argonne 5R, 16146 Genova, Italy
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Gruppo SIGLA srl, Via Finocchiaro Aprile 31/5, 16129 Genova, Italy
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Fab Crea, Via De Marini 16, 16149 Genova, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Chrysostomos Stylios and Carlos Guedes Soares
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9(11), 1218; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9111218
Received: 24 September 2021 / Revised: 29 October 2021 / Accepted: 1 November 2021 / Published: 4 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of Coastal/Ocean Sensors and Systems)
The growing need for interoperability among the different oceanic monitoring systems to deliver services able to answer the requirements of stakeholders and end-users led to the development of a low-cost machine-to-machine communication system able to guarantee data reliability over marine paths. In this framework, an experimental evaluation of the performance of long-range (LoRa) technology in a fully operational marine scenario has been proposed. In-situ tests were carried out exploiting the availability of (i) a passenger vessel and (ii) a research vessel operating in the Ligurian basin (North-Western Mediterranean Sea) both hosting end-nodes, and (iii) gateways positioned on mountains and hills in the inland areas. Packet loss ratio, packet reception rate, received signal strength indicator, signal to noise, and expected signal power ratio were chosen as metrics in line of sight and not the line of sight conditions. The reliability of Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) transmission over the sea has been demonstrated up to more than 110 km in a free space scenario and for more than 20 km in a coastal urban environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: internet of things (IoT); low power wide area network (LPWAN); LoRaWAN; marine technology internet of things (IoT); low power wide area network (LPWAN); LoRaWAN; marine technology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pensieri, S.; Viti, F.; Moser, G.; Serpico, S.B.; Maggiolo, L.; Pastorino, M.; Solarna, D.; Cambiaso, A.; Carraro, C.; Degano, C.; Mainenti, I.; Seghezza, S.; Bozzano, R. Evaluating LoRaWAN Connectivity in a Marine Scenario. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9, 1218. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9111218

AMA Style

Pensieri S, Viti F, Moser G, Serpico SB, Maggiolo L, Pastorino M, Solarna D, Cambiaso A, Carraro C, Degano C, Mainenti I, Seghezza S, Bozzano R. Evaluating LoRaWAN Connectivity in a Marine Scenario. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2021; 9(11):1218. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9111218

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pensieri, Sara, Federica Viti, Gabriele Moser, Sebastiano B. Serpico, Luca Maggiolo, Martina Pastorino, David Solarna, Andrea Cambiaso, Carlo Carraro, Cristiana Degano, Ilaria Mainenti, Silvia Seghezza, and Roberto Bozzano. 2021. "Evaluating LoRaWAN Connectivity in a Marine Scenario" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 9, no. 11: 1218. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9111218

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