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Article

Environmental Management System for the Analysis of Oil Spill Risk Using Probabilistic Simulations. Application at Tarragona Monobuoy

Laboratori d’Enginyeria Marítima (LIM), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC-BarcelonaTech), C/Jordi Girona, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(4), 277; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8040277
Received: 15 March 2020 / Revised: 7 April 2020 / Accepted: 9 April 2020 / Published: 12 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from the Spanish Days of Ports and Coasts)
Oil spill accidents during port operations are one of the main hydrocarbon pollution threats for coastal waters. Appropriate environmental risk assessment and pollution events management tools are needed to achieve sustainability and environmental protection in port activity. Recent developments in monitoring techniques and accurate meteo-oceanographic prediction systems have been implemented in many ports, providing tools for environmental management. A novel method based on meteo-oceanographic operational services, in conjunction with Monte Carlo experiments using an oil spill model, is implemented to perform probabilistic maps of potential pollution events. Tarragona port area was chosen as the study case for three reasons: it accommodates a hub of petrochemical industry, the availability of high-resolution wind and water current data, and previous studies at the area offer the possibility to check the results’ accuracy. The interpretation of the impact probability maps reveals a specific pattern explained by the mean hydrodynamic conditions and the energetic north-westerly wind conditions. The impact probability maps may enhance efficiency in the environmental management of port waters and nearby coastal areas, reducing the negative impact of pollutant discharges. View Full-Text
Keywords: oil spill; environmental risk assessment; pollution events management; Tarragona port; SAMOA project; Medslik model; Monte Carlo method oil spill; environmental risk assessment; pollution events management; Tarragona port; SAMOA project; Medslik model; Monte Carlo method
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MDPI and ACS Style

Morell Villalonga, M.; Espino Infantes, M.; Grifoll Colls, M.; Mestres Ridge, M. Environmental Management System for the Analysis of Oil Spill Risk Using Probabilistic Simulations. Application at Tarragona Monobuoy. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8, 277. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8040277

AMA Style

Morell Villalonga M, Espino Infantes M, Grifoll Colls M, Mestres Ridge M. Environmental Management System for the Analysis of Oil Spill Risk Using Probabilistic Simulations. Application at Tarragona Monobuoy. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2020; 8(4):277. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8040277

Chicago/Turabian Style

Morell Villalonga, Mariano, Manuel Espino Infantes, Manel Grifoll Colls, and Marc Mestres Ridge. 2020. "Environmental Management System for the Analysis of Oil Spill Risk Using Probabilistic Simulations. Application at Tarragona Monobuoy" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 8, no. 4: 277. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8040277

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