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Open AccessArticle

Statistical Analysis of the Stability of Rock Slopes

Department of Coastal Structures & Waves, Deltares, 2629HV Delft, The Netherlands
Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Delft University of Technology, 2628CN Delft, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7(3), 60;
Received: 26 November 2018 / Revised: 26 February 2019 / Accepted: 1 March 2019 / Published: 6 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from Coastlab18 Conference)
Physical model tests were performed in a wave flume at Deltares with rock armoured slopes. A shallow foreshore was present. At deep water, the same wave conditions were used, but by applying different water levels, the wave loading on the rock armoured slopes increased considerably with increasing water levels. This allowed an assessment of the effects of sea level rise. Damage was measured by using digital stereo photography (DSP), which provides information on each individual stone that is displaced. Two test series were performed five times. This allowed for a statistical analysis of the damage to rock armoured slopes, which is uncommon due to the absence of statistical information based on a systematic repetition of test series. The statistical analysis demonstrates the need for taking the mean damage into account in the design of rock armoured slopes. This is important in addition to characterising the damage itself by erosion areas and erosion depths. The relation between damage parameters, such as the erosion area and erosion depth, was obtained from the tests. Besides tests with a straight slope, tests with a berm in the seaward slopes were also performed. A new method to take the so-called length effect into account is proposed to extrapolate results from physical model tests to real structures. This length effect is important, but is normally overlooked in the design of rubble mound structures. Standard deviations based on the presented model tests were used. View Full-Text
Keywords: stability; erosion; rock slopes; sea level rise; repetition tests; berm; wave flume; length effect stability; erosion; rock slopes; sea level rise; repetition tests; berm; wave flume; length effect
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MDPI and ACS Style

van Gent, M.R.A.; de Almeida, E.; Hofland, B. Statistical Analysis of the Stability of Rock Slopes. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7, 60.

AMA Style

van Gent MRA, de Almeida E, Hofland B. Statistical Analysis of the Stability of Rock Slopes. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2019; 7(3):60.

Chicago/Turabian Style

van Gent, Marcel R.A.; de Almeida, Ermano; Hofland, Bas. 2019. "Statistical Analysis of the Stability of Rock Slopes" J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 7, no. 3: 60.

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