Next Article in Journal
Model Development and Hindcast Simulations of NOAA’s Integrated Northern Gulf of Mexico Operational Forecast System
Next Article in Special Issue
Variability of Best-Estimate Flood Depth Return Periods in Coastal Louisiana
Previous Article in Journal
Pressure Control of Insulation Space for Liquefied Natural Gas Carrier with Nonlinear Feedback Technique
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sensitivity of Offshore Tropical Cyclone Wave Simulations to Spatial Resolution in Wave Models

Real-Time Chronological Hazard Impact Modeling

Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI 02903, USA
Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
Department of Marine Affairs, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6(4), 134;
Received: 7 October 2018 / Revised: 3 November 2018 / Accepted: 3 November 2018 / Published: 10 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coastal Hazards Related to Water)
The potential of using ADvanced CIRCulation model (ADCIRC) to assess the time incremented progression of hazard impacts on individual critical facilities has long been recognized but is not well described. As ADCIRC is applied to create granular impact models, the lack of transparency in the methods is problematic. It becomes difficult to evaluate the entire system in situations where modeling integrates different types of data (e.g., hydrodynamic and existing geospatial point data) and involves multiple disciplines and stakeholders. When considering increased interest in combining hydrodynamic models, existing geospatial information, and advanced visualizations it is necessary to increase transparency and identify the pitfalls that arise out of this integration (e.g., the inadequacy of data to support the resolution of proposed outputs). This paper thus describes an all numerical method to accomplish this integration. It provides an overview of the generation of the hydrodynamic model, describes the all numerical method utilized to model hazard impacts, identifies pitfalls that arise from the integration of existing geospatial data with the hydrodynamic model, and describes an approach to developing a credible basis for determining impacts at a granular scale. The paper concludes by reflecting on the implementation of these methods as part of a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Integrated Emergency Management Training Course (IEMC) and identifies the need to further study the effects of integrated models and visualizations on risk perception. View Full-Text
Keywords: coastal hazards; impact; modeling; ADCIRC; real-time; 3D; damage; visualization coastal hazards; impact; modeling; ADCIRC; real-time; 3D; damage; visualization
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Stempel, P.; Ginis, I.; Ullman, D.; Becker, A.; Witkop, R. Real-Time Chronological Hazard Impact Modeling. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6, 134.

AMA Style

Stempel P, Ginis I, Ullman D, Becker A, Witkop R. Real-Time Chronological Hazard Impact Modeling. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2018; 6(4):134.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stempel, Peter, Isaac Ginis, David Ullman, Austin Becker, and Robert Witkop. 2018. "Real-Time Chronological Hazard Impact Modeling" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 6, no. 4: 134.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop