Next Article in Journal
Projected 21st Century Coastal Flooding in the Southern California Bight. Part 1: Development of the Third Generation CoSMoS Model
Previous Article in Journal
Announcing the 2018 JMSE Travel Awards for Postdoctoral Researchers and Ph.D. Students
Open AccessArticle

Using Coupled Hydrodynamic Biogeochemical Models to Predict the Effects of Tidal Turbine Arrays on Phytoplankton Dynamics

1
Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute Northern Ireland, Fisheries and Aquatic Ecosystems Branch, Newforge Lane, Belfast BT9 5PX, UK
2
School of Natural and Built Environment, Queen’s University Marine Laboratory, Portaferry BT22 1PF, Northern Ireland, UK
3
Department of Marine Science, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
4
Te Ao Tūroa, Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
5
School of Biology, Queen’s University Marine Laboratory, Portaferry, BT22 1PF, Northern Ireland, UK
6
Danish Hydraulic Institute (DHI), Agern Allé 5, Hørshom DK-2790, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6(2), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse6020058
Received: 3 April 2018 / Revised: 14 May 2018 / Accepted: 17 May 2018 / Published: 22 May 2018
The effects of large scale tidal energy device (TED) arrays on phytoplankton processes owing to the changes in hydrodynamic flows are unknown. Coupled two-dimensional biogeochemical and hydrodynamic models offer the opportunity to predict potential effects of large scale TED arrays on the local and regional phytoplankton dynamics in coastal and inshore environments. Using MIKE 21 Software by DHI (https://www.dhigroup.com), coupled two-dimensional biogeochemical and hydrodynamic models were developed with simulations including no turbines or an array of 55 turbines with four solar radiation scenarios to assess the temporal and spatial changes of phytoplankton dynamics in an idealised domain. Results suggest that the effect of TEDs on phytoplankton dynamics accounted for up to 25% of the variability in phytoplankton concentrations, most likely associated with an increased residence time in an inshore basin. However, natural variation, such as the intensity of photosynthetically active radiation, had a larger effect on phytoplankton dynamics than an array of TEDs. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrokinetic; nutrients; irradiance; temperature; environment; transport hydrokinetic; nutrients; irradiance; temperature; environment; transport
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Schuchert, P.; Kregting, L.; Pritchard, D.; Savidge, G.; Elsäßer, B. Using Coupled Hydrodynamic Biogeochemical Models to Predict the Effects of Tidal Turbine Arrays on Phytoplankton Dynamics. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6, 58.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop