The Effect of Cover Crops on the Yield of Spring Barley in Estonia
AbstractUsing cover crops in fallow periods of crop production is an important management tool for reducing nitrate leaching and therefore improving nitrogen availability for subsequent crops. We estimated the short-term effect of five cover crop species on the yield of successive spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) for two years in Estonia. The cover crop species used in the study were winter rye (Secale cereale L.), winter turnip rape (Brassica rapa spp. oleifera L.), forage radish (Raphanus sativus L. var. longipinnatus), hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth), and berseem clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.). The results indicated that out of the five tested cover crops, forage radish and hairy vetch increased the yield of subsequent spring barley, whereas the other cover crops had no effect on barley yield. All cover crop species had low C:N ratios (11–17), suggesting that nitrogen (N) was available for barley early in the spring. View Full-Text
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Toom, M.; Tamm, S.; Talgre, L.; Tamm, I.; Tamm, Ü.; Narits, L.; Hiiesalu, I.; Mäe, A.; Lauringson, E. The Effect of Cover Crops on the Yield of Spring Barley in Estonia. Agriculture 2019, 9, 172.
Toom M, Tamm S, Talgre L, Tamm I, Tamm Ü, Narits L, Hiiesalu I, Mäe A, Lauringson E. The Effect of Cover Crops on the Yield of Spring Barley in Estonia. Agriculture. 2019; 9(8):172.Chicago/Turabian Style
Toom, Merili; Tamm, Sirje; Talgre, Liina; Tamm, Ilmar; Tamm, Ülle; Narits, Lea; Hiiesalu, Inga; Mäe, Andres; Lauringson, Enn. 2019. "The Effect of Cover Crops on the Yield of Spring Barley in Estonia." Agriculture 9, no. 8: 172.