The Effect of Herbage Conservation Method on Protein Value and Nitrogen Utilization in Dairy Cows
AbstractRuminant production systems frequently rely on grassland utilization and conservation of herbage as hay or silage. Conservation affects the crude protein (CP) composition and protein value, which is particularly recognized during ensiling. The aim of the current study was to describe the effect of the conservation method on forage protein value and N utilization in dairy cows. Herbage from the same sward was cut and conserved as silage (SI), barn-dried hay (BH), or field-dried hay (FH). Laboratory evaluation indicated differences in CP fractions and ruminal degradability of CP. Conserved forages were fed to six lactating Holstein cows in a replicated 3 × 3 Latin square design, and N balance was assessed. Partitioning of N into milk, feces, and urine was affected only moderately. Lower concentrations of serum, milk, and also urinary urea indicated lower N turnover for FH compared to SI and BH, likely due to lower N intake for FH. However, the use efficiency of feed N for milk N did not differ between the types of forage. Further, high CP concentrations and the unbalanced concentrations of CP and energy in the forages led to excess excretion of N in all treatments and presumably superimposed effects of the conservation method on N utilization. View Full-Text
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Böttger, C.; Silacci, P.; Dohme-Meier, F.; Südekum, K.-H.; Wyss, U. The Effect of Herbage Conservation Method on Protein Value and Nitrogen Utilization in Dairy Cows. Agriculture 2019, 9, 118.
Böttger C, Silacci P, Dohme-Meier F, Südekum K-H, Wyss U. The Effect of Herbage Conservation Method on Protein Value and Nitrogen Utilization in Dairy Cows. Agriculture. 2019; 9(6):118.Chicago/Turabian Style
Böttger, Christian; Silacci, Paolo; Dohme-Meier, Frigga; Südekum, Karl-Heinz; Wyss, Ueli. 2019. "The Effect of Herbage Conservation Method on Protein Value and Nitrogen Utilization in Dairy Cows." Agriculture 9, no. 6: 118.
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