Next Article in Journal
Experimental Study to Support Local Sunflower Oil Chains: Production of Cold Pressed Oil in Central Italy
Previous Article in Journal
Ecotone Dynamics and Stability from Soil Perspective: Forest-Agriculture Land Transition
Open AccessArticle

Protected Designation of Origin and Sustainability Characterization: The Case of PDO Cocoa Arriba

Agricultural Economics and Rural Policy Group, Wageningen School of Social Sciences, Wageningen University & Research, 6701 Wageningen, The Netherlands
Faculty of Science and Engineering in Food and Biotechnology, Technical University of Ambato, Ambato 180101, Ecuador
Faculty of Food Sciences, Universitat de Barcelona, 08019 Barcelona, Spain
School of Management, Swansea University, Swansea SA1-1EJ, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2019, 9(10), 229;
Received: 19 September 2019 / Revised: 14 October 2019 / Accepted: 17 October 2019 / Published: 22 October 2019
The employment of Protected Designations of Origin (PDO) in agri-food products through recognized chains has a fundamental economic role in Ecuador. A substantial amount of research has focused on examining the crop performance of PDO products. However, there is a shift in the agri-food chain perspective towards more sustainable models. In this respect, social, economic, and institutional aspects are consequential and contribute to the agri-food sector development. The current rise in market opportunities at the local and international level drives support for them. This study aims to analyze socio-economic and governance components, in order to understand the PDO Cocoa Arriba (Theobroma cacao) chain sustainability performance and propose potential future strategies. Principal Components Analysis was used to contribute relevant insight. This framework applies accounts with a revision of primary and supporting activities. The investigation clustered pre-production, production, and post-production tiers. It also executed food chain mapping and identified chain actors. Results suggested several viable long-term strategies. Examples of these strategies include the enhancement of national regulation to assist chain actors, and the stimulus of young producers and empowerment of associations. The main contribution to the research was the application of governance mechanisms to comprehensively assess chain performance. Based on the results, we recommend incorporating new indicators to analyze the environmental and institutional components in detail. View Full-Text
Keywords: socio-economic; agricultural regulation; family farming; governance mechanism socio-economic; agricultural regulation; family farming; governance mechanism
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Moreno-Miranda, C.; Jordán, J.; Moreno, R.; Moreno, P.; Solis, J. Protected Designation of Origin and Sustainability Characterization: The Case of PDO Cocoa Arriba. Agriculture 2019, 9, 229.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop