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From Smart Farming towards Unmanned Farms: A New Mode of Agricultural Production

by 1,2,3,4, 1,2,3,4, 1,2,3,4, 1,2,3,4 and 1,2,3,4,*
1
National Innovation Center for Digital Fishery, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
2
Beijing Engineering and Technology Research Centre for Internet of Things in Agriculture, Beijing 100083, China
3
Key Laboratory of Agricultural Information Acquisition Technology, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing 100083, China
4
College of Information and Electrical Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2021, 11(2), 145; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11020145
Received: 1 January 2021 / Revised: 6 February 2021 / Accepted: 6 February 2021 / Published: 10 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Digital Agriculture)
Agriculture is the most important industry for human survival and solving the hunger problem worldwide. With the growth of the global population, the demand for food is increasing, which needs more agriculture labor. However, the number of people willing to engage in agricultural work is decreasing, causing a severe shortage of agricultural labor. Therefore, it is necessary to study the mode of agricultural production without labor force participation. With the rapid development of the Internet of Things, Big Data, artificial intelligence, robotics and fifth-generation (5G) communication technology, robots can replace humans in agricultural operations, thus enabling the establishment of unmanned farms in the near future. In this review, we have defined unmanned farms, introduced the framework of unmanned farms, analyzed the current state of the technology and how these technologies can be used in unmanned farms, and finally discuss all the technical challenges. We believe that this review will provide guidance for the development of unmanned farms and provide ideas for further investigation of these farms. View Full-Text
Keywords: unmanned farm; accurate perception; intelligent decision; auto-work unmanned farm; accurate perception; intelligent decision; auto-work
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, T.; Xu, X.; Wang, C.; Li, Z.; Li, D. From Smart Farming towards Unmanned Farms: A New Mode of Agricultural Production. Agriculture 2021, 11, 145. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11020145

AMA Style

Wang T, Xu X, Wang C, Li Z, Li D. From Smart Farming towards Unmanned Farms: A New Mode of Agricultural Production. Agriculture. 2021; 11(2):145. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11020145

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Tan, Xianbao Xu, Cong Wang, Zhen Li, and Daoliang Li. 2021. "From Smart Farming towards Unmanned Farms: A New Mode of Agricultural Production" Agriculture 11, no. 2: 145. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11020145

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