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Open AccessArticle

Optimising Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Cultivation by Selection of Proper Soils

1
National Agriculture and Food Centre—Soil Science and Conservation Research Institute, 08001 Prešov, Slovakia
2
Department of Geography and Applied Geoinformatics, Faculty of Humanities and Natural Sciences, University of Prešov, 08001 Prešov, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2020, 10(5), 155; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10050155
Received: 3 February 2020 / Revised: 8 April 2020 / Accepted: 16 April 2020 / Published: 6 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Agricultural Soils)
This paper presents an attempt to differentiate the Slovak rural landscape with respect to the possibility of effective potato cultivation and to characterise soil parameters of current potato cultivation areas with the aim to increase the sustainability of the potato production. The selection was based on soil climatic, production and economic parameters. By using the GIS tools and existing databases on soil characteristics in Slovakia, maps of soil suitability categories for potato cultivation were generated. In Slovakia, it was found that 12.3% of farmland is very suitable for potato cultivation and that as much as 43.1% is not suitable. Later, the specified categories were characterised in detail and specified with respect to geographic, soil, climatic, production and economic parameters. Currently, most potato crops are cultivated on Cambisols (27%), Chernozems (20%) and Fluvisols (18%). Loamy soils (content of particles <0.01 mm is 30–45%), soils without gravel (gravel content in the depth 0.0–0.6 m is <10%), deep soils (>0.6 m) and soil situated on plains (slope 0°–3°) are dominant in these regions. We suggest that potato cultivation should be concentrated on the most suitable areas, thereby increasing the economic profitability, improving the ecological stability of the country and supporting the sustainability of the agriculture. View Full-Text
Keywords: potato cultivation; soil suitability; agricultural landscape categorisation; GIS potato cultivation; soil suitability; agricultural landscape categorisation; GIS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Koco, Š.; Vilček, J.; Torma, S.; Michaeli, E.; Solár, V. Optimising Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Cultivation by Selection of Proper Soils. Agriculture 2020, 10, 155. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10050155

AMA Style

Koco Š, Vilček J, Torma S, Michaeli E, Solár V. Optimising Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Cultivation by Selection of Proper Soils. Agriculture. 2020; 10(5):155. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10050155

Chicago/Turabian Style

Koco, Štefan; Vilček, Jozef; Torma, Stanislav; Michaeli, Eva; Solár, Vladimír. 2020. "Optimising Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Cultivation by Selection of Proper Soils" Agriculture 10, no. 5: 155. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10050155

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