Next Article in Journal
Root Growth of Hordeum vulgare and Vicia faba in the Biopore Sheath
Next Article in Special Issue
Revamping Ecosystem Services through Agroecology—The Case of Cereals
Previous Article in Journal
Ground Beetles (Carabidae) in the Short-Rotation Coppice Willow and Poplar Plants—Synergistic Benefits System
Previous Article in Special Issue
Native Perennial Plants Colonizing Abandoned Arable Fields in a Desert Area: Population Structure and Community Assembly
Review

Conservation of Ecosystem Services in Argiudolls of Argentina

1
Departamento de Recursos Naturales y Gestión Ambiental, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Oro Verde 3100, Argentina
2
Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA), Buenos Aires 1417, Argentina
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2020, 10(12), 649; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10120649
Received: 1 December 2020 / Revised: 11 December 2020 / Accepted: 14 December 2020 / Published: 19 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Conservation Agriculture for Ecosystem Services)
Mollisols are a fundamental component of global agricultural production. In the Argentine Pampas region, 65% of the Mollisols belong to Argiudoll great group. These soils have an agricultural aptitude, with limitations given mainly by varying thickness of the top horizon A as a result of the severity of water erosion depending on its site in the landscape layered on an argillic B horizon. Over the last three decades, Pampean agriculture has been widespread because of a modern technological matrix characterized by transgenic crops, and increasing use of fertilizers and pesticides. Large changes have taken place in crop sequence composition, toward the disappearance of pastures and the rapid expansion of soybean monoculture due to the upward trend of the international price of this commodity. This review contributes to an alertness regarding the significance of the soil degradation problem, in terms of decline in soil fertility and structural condition, decrease in size of soil aggregates, surface and subsurface compaction, decrease in organic carbon content, soil and water contamination, reduction of infiltration rate and structure stability, causing an increase in water losses through surface runoff and water erosion and lost ecosystem services. Additionally, a set of sustainable land management practices and legal aspects is shown. View Full-Text
Keywords: argiudolls; land degradation; soil conservation; management practices; ecosystem services; legal aspects argiudolls; land degradation; soil conservation; management practices; ecosystem services; legal aspects
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wilson, M.G.; Maggi, A.E.; Castiglioni, M.G.; Gabioud, E.A.; Sasal, M.C. Conservation of Ecosystem Services in Argiudolls of Argentina. Agriculture 2020, 10, 649. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10120649

AMA Style

Wilson MG, Maggi AE, Castiglioni MG, Gabioud EA, Sasal MC. Conservation of Ecosystem Services in Argiudolls of Argentina. Agriculture. 2020; 10(12):649. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10120649

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wilson, Marcelo G., Alejandro E. Maggi, Mario G. Castiglioni, Emmanuel A. Gabioud, and María C. Sasal 2020. "Conservation of Ecosystem Services in Argiudolls of Argentina" Agriculture 10, no. 12: 649. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10120649

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop