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Review

The Role of Thermal Water in Chronic Skin Diseases Management: A Review of the Literature

1
Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University “Federico II” of Naples, Via Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy
2
Department of Public Health, University “Federico II” of Naples, Via Pansini 5, 80133 Naples, Italy
3
Department of Medicine and Health Sciences “Vincenzo Tiberio”, University of Molise, 86100 Campobasso, Italy
4
Department of Health Sciences, University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
5
Department of Molecular Medicine and Medical Biotechnologies, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to the manuscript.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(9), 3047; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9093047
Received: 21 July 2020 / Revised: 8 September 2020 / Accepted: 14 September 2020 / Published: 22 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chronic Inflammatory Skin Diseases: An Update for Clinician)
The benefits of thermal water in different diseases have been known since ancient times. Over the past decades, a re-assessment of the use of mineral water for the treatment of several pathologic conditions has taken place around the world. Today, water therapy is being practiced in many countries that have a variety of mineral springs considerably different in their hydrogeologic origin, temperature, and chemical composition. Thermal water and balneotherapy offer several advantages: this approach needs no chemicals or potentially harmful drugs; there are almost no side effects during and after treatment, and there is a low risk to the patient’s general health and well-being. However, it is difficult to evaluate the efficacy of this therapeutic approach in clinical practice due to the complexity of molecular mechanisms underlying its efficacy. Here we review the current knowledge of the chemical, immunological, and microbiological basis for therapeutic effects of thermal water with a specific focus on chronic inflammatory skin diseases. We also describe recent evidence of the major dermatologic diseases that are frequently treated by balneotherapy with a remarkable rate of success. Moreover, we discuss the potential role of balneotherapy either alone or as a complement to conventional medical treatments. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal water; chronic skin diseases; psoriasis; atopic dermatitis thermal water; chronic skin diseases; psoriasis; atopic dermatitis
MDPI and ACS Style

Cacciapuoti, S.; Luciano, M.A.; Megna, M.; Annunziata, M.C.; Napolitano, M.; Patruno, C.; Scala, E.; Colicchio, R.; Pagliuca, C.; Salvatore, P.; Fabbrocini, G. The Role of Thermal Water in Chronic Skin Diseases Management: A Review of the Literature. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 3047. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9093047

AMA Style

Cacciapuoti S, Luciano MA, Megna M, Annunziata MC, Napolitano M, Patruno C, Scala E, Colicchio R, Pagliuca C, Salvatore P, Fabbrocini G. The Role of Thermal Water in Chronic Skin Diseases Management: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(9):3047. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9093047

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cacciapuoti, Sara, Maria A. Luciano, Matteo Megna, Maria C. Annunziata, Maddalena Napolitano, Cataldo Patruno, Emanuele Scala, Roberta Colicchio, Chiara Pagliuca, Paola Salvatore, and Gabriella Fabbrocini. 2020. "The Role of Thermal Water in Chronic Skin Diseases Management: A Review of the Literature" Journal of Clinical Medicine 9, no. 9: 3047. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9093047

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