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Article

Executive Functions and Emotion Regulation in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Borderline Intellectual Disability

1
Department of Neuroscience, Discipline of Psychiatry and Pediatric Psychiatry, Iuliu Hațieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca Manastur Street no. 54 C, 400660 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2
Special Education Department, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Babes-Bolyai University, Sindicatelor Street no 7, 400029 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
3
Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Babes-Bolyai University, Republicii Street no 37, 400015 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(4), 986; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9040986
Received: 26 February 2020 / Revised: 30 March 2020 / Accepted: 31 March 2020 / Published: 1 April 2020
The main objective of this study is to investigate the multiple relations and to determine the differences between executive functions (EFs), emotion regulation, and behavioral and emotional problems in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), borderline intellectual disability (ID), and typical development (TD). The sample included 85 children aged 6 to 11 years, 42 with typical development (TD), 27 with ADHD, and 16 with borderline ID. The results emphasized a positive correlation between adaptive emotion regulation strategies and EFs, and no significant relations between the maladaptive emotion regulation strategies and EFs. In addition, the executive function of planning correlated negatively with anxiety, ADHD symptoms, and conduct problems. The performance of both clinical groups regarding EFs was significantly lower than that of the TD group, and they differed significantly from each other only on visual attention. The presence of oppositional-defiant and conduct problems was higher in both clinical groups than in the TD group, and more anxiety symptoms were reported in children with ADHD. This study supports the idea that emotion regulation, Efs, and clinical symptoms are interconnected. It also profiles the deficits in cognitive functioning and emotion regulation in two clinical groups, thus helping future intervention programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: emotion regulation; executive function; behavioral/emotional problems; ADHD; borderline intellectual disability emotion regulation; executive function; behavioral/emotional problems; ADHD; borderline intellectual disability
MDPI and ACS Style

Predescu, E.; Sipos, R.; Costescu, C.A.; Ciocan, A.; Rus, D.I. Executive Functions and Emotion Regulation in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Borderline Intellectual Disability. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 986. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9040986

AMA Style

Predescu E, Sipos R, Costescu CA, Ciocan A, Rus DI. Executive Functions and Emotion Regulation in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Borderline Intellectual Disability. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(4):986. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9040986

Chicago/Turabian Style

Predescu, Elena, Roxana Sipos, Cristina A. Costescu, Anamaria Ciocan, and Diana I. Rus 2020. "Executive Functions and Emotion Regulation in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Borderline Intellectual Disability" Journal of Clinical Medicine 9, no. 4: 986. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9040986

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