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Open AccessArticle

Resting Energy Expenditure and Body Composition in Overweight Men and Women Living in a Temperate Climate

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Department of Physical Education, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Campus Universitario de Tafira, s/n, 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain
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Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences (IUIBS), University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Paseo Blas Cabrera Felipe “Físico” (s/n), 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain
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Department of Mathematics, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Campus Universitario de Tafira, s/n, 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain
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Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Doctor Negrín, Calle Plaza Barranco de la Ballena, s/n, 35010 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain
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Department of Physical Performance, The Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Postboks, 4014 Ulleval Stadion, 0806 Oslo, Norway
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(1), 203; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9010203
Received: 28 November 2019 / Revised: 27 December 2019 / Accepted: 6 January 2020 / Published: 11 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Endocrinology & Metabolism)
This study aimed to determine whether the measured resting energy expenditure (REE) in overweight and obese patients living in a temperate climate is lower than the predicted REE; and to ascertain which equation should be used in patients living in a temperate climate. REE (indirect calorimetry) and body composition (DXA) were measured in 174 patients (88 men and 86 women; 20–68 years old) with overweight or obesity (BMI 27–45 kg m−2). All volunteers were residents in Gran Canaria (monthly temperatures: 18–24 °C). REE was lower than predicted by most equations in our population. Age and BMI were similar in both sexes. In the whole population, the equations of Mifflin, Henry and Rees, Livingston and Owen, had similar levels of accuracy (non-significant bias of 0.7%, 1.1%, 0.6%, and −2.2%, respectively). The best equation to predict resting energy expenditure in overweight and moderately obese men and women living in a temperate climate all year round is the Mifflin equation. In men, the equations by Henry and Rees, Livingston, and by Owen had predictive accuracies comparable to that of Mifflin. The body composition-based equation of Johnston was slightly more accurate than Mifflin’s in men. In women, none of the body composition-based equations outperformed Mifflin’s. View Full-Text
Keywords: overweight; obesity; exercise; resting energy expenditure overweight; obesity; exercise; resting energy expenditure
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Martin-Rincon, M.; Perez-Valera, M.; Morales-Alamo, D.; Perez-Suarez, I.; Dorado, C.; Gonzalez-Henriquez, J.J.; Juan-Habib, J.W.; Quintana-Garcia, C.; Galvan-Alvarez, V.; Pedrianes-Martin, P.B.; Acosta, C.; Curtelin, D.; Calbet, J.A.; de Pablos-Velasco, P. Resting Energy Expenditure and Body Composition in Overweight Men and Women Living in a Temperate Climate. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 203.

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