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Trends and Disparities in Self-Reported and Measured Osteoporosis among US Adults, 2007–2014

by Qing Wu 1,2,*, Yingke Xu 1,2 and Ge Lin 2
1
Nevada Institute of Personalized Medicine, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USA
2
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, School of Public Health, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(12), 2052; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8122052
Received: 9 October 2019 / Revised: 19 November 2019 / Accepted: 20 November 2019 / Published: 22 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Epidemiology & Public Health)
(1) Background: Studies examining osteoporosis trends among US adults by different socioeconomic status (SES) are limited. The prevalence of self-reported osteoporosis in the US is rarely reported. (2) Methods: Data from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES) between 2007–2008 and 2013–2014 cycles were analyzed. Age-adjusted prevalence of self-reported and that of measured osteoporosis were calculated overall and by sex, race/ethnicity, education attainment, and SES. (3) Results: The prevalence of self-reported osteoporosis was higher than that of measured osteoporosis in all three survey cycles for women, and in 2007–2008 and 2009–2010 for men. Participants with high school/GED or higher educational attainment had an increased prevalence of measured osteoporosis during the study period. Among all SES groups, participants with low family income (PIR < 1.3) had the highest prevalence of measured osteoporosis, and the prevalence increased from 49.3 per 1000 population to 71.8 per 1000 population during the study period. (4) Conclusions: The prevalence of self-reported osteoporosis was higher than that of measured osteoporosis in US adults between 2007 and 2014. The age-adjusted prevalence of measured osteoporosis increased in participants with the educational attainment of high school/GED or above, and individuals with low family income. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-reported; trend; health disparities; osteoporosis; NHANES self-reported; trend; health disparities; osteoporosis; NHANES
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Wu, Q.; Xu, Y.; Lin, G. Trends and Disparities in Self-Reported and Measured Osteoporosis among US Adults, 2007–2014. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 2052.

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